Overall Program Description for B.S. Biology

Structure: The major in biology is designed to provide students with a thorough training in cellular and molecular biology. The course is built around a core sequence, followed by a sequence of upper-division electives. The core sequence consists of 4 courses in chemistry, 2 courses in physics, a course in mathematics and an introductory biology sequence (General Biology, Genetics and Cell Biology). In the upper-division electives, students choose from a range of courses (e.g. biotechnology, physiology, etc.) that are appropriate their career plans and areas of concentration.

Concentration Areas: For the degree of B.S. in Biology, the department offers three areas of concentration. These are Pre-health Professional, Biotechnology, and Certification in Secondary Education, described below.

Credits: To earn a B.S. in Biology, students must achieve a total of 37 credits from Biology, 16 credits from Chemistry, 8 credits from Physics and a course of Mathematics chosen from Tables 1-4 below. There are three restrictions on your choice of electives. (1) A minimum of 16 credits in upper-division electives is required. (2) One of your electives must be either Ecology, Microbiology or Anatomy and Physiology (I or II). (3) At least 12 of your credits must be at the 400 level.

Example: A typical four-year program that satisfies the above requirements and culminates in a B.S. in Biology is shown on Table 5. Students majoring in biological sciences are required to obtain a minimum grade of “C” in BIO 201 and BIO 202 before they are allowed to take further courses in the major. Students may transfer the above courses from other accredited institutions to satisfy this requirement provided that the courses have been approved and that the students have earned a grade of “C” or higher in the courses transferred.

(1) Pre-health Professional (Medicine, Dentistry, Veterinary, Health Careers)

Each year, students from SUNY Brockport apply for admission to professional study in medicine, dentistry, osteopathy, veterinary, optometry, podiatry, and physician’s assistant programs. Although at Brockport most “pre-med” professional students have majored in the biological sciences, there is no special major for pre-professional health care, and the requirements for admission can be met through a variety of majors available at the College. The program in biological sciences is well established and our graduates successfully compete for positions in health professional programs. We help to arrange programs with local health care facilities in order to provide “pre-med” students with the experiential component necessary for successful application to medical school. Upon arrival at Brockport, students should contact the department for further information on these programs.

A Pre-Professional Advisory Committee assists students interested in entering medically related professions through formal meetings, counseling and a library of materials; provides application materials for the MCAT, DAT and OAT exams (the admissions tests for medical, podiatric, dental and optometry schools); and prepares a committee evaluation prior to application based on a formal interview with the applicant as well as test scores and GPA. This committee consists of faculty members from biological sciences, chemistry and physics. Contact the department, Room 103, Lennon Hall, for the current contact information of this committee.

(2) Biotechnology Concentration

The field of biotechnology has expanded rapidly in the 15 years since its inception. This expansion has created a growing demand for trained personnel to work in fields such as health sciences, agricultural research, food processing, pharmaceuticals, and diagnostics. Job opportunities in industrial, academic and governmental laboratories include clinical research, quality control, large-scale synthesis in manufacturing and production, marketing and sales, and policy development. In response to the growing needs, the Department of Biology at the SUNY Brockport has developed a series of courses in biotechnology that will provide students with the training and experience to enter this continually expanding field within the major in biological sciences.

The department is well equipped to provide skills needed to pursue a career in Biotechnology. Students have the opportunity to gain a variety of laboratory skills in the areas of molecular biology, tissue culture, microbiology, microscopy, cell and developmental biology, physiology, and genetics. A substantial percentage of graduates who have obtained these skills have successfully entered master’s and PhD programs or found jobs in academic, government or industrial laboratories.

(3) Certification in Secondary Education (7-12): Biology and General Science

Students with a keen interest in becoming a high school biology teacher may eventually qualify for a New York State Provisional Teaching Certification by completing 1. the requirement of bachelor of science in biology and 2. the requisite courses in pedagogy in secondary scinece education offered through the Department of Education and Human Development. These teacher certification requirements are extensive and dynamic and must be woven into a plan of study through close advisement. Therefore, the student should meet with advisors in both the Department of Biology and in the Department of Education and Human Development as soon as teaching biology becomes a goal. A separate application to teacher certification is required.

Table 1: Biology Requirements

A total of 37 credits chosen from below
Course Number Course Title Prerequisites / Corequisites Credits
BIO 201 Biology I  
4
BIO 202 Biology II BIO 201
4
BIO 301 Cell Biology BIO 201, BIO 202, CHM 305 / CHM 306
4
BIO 302 Genetics BIO 201, BIO 202, CHM 205, CHM 206
4
BIO 498 Seminar Senior Status
1
     
BIO 300-level Electives (up to two courses by advisement)
0-8
BIO 303 Ecology BIO 111, either BIO 201 or BIO 202
4
BIO 321 Anatomy and Physiology I BIO 111, either BIO 202 or BIO 221
4
BIO 322 Anatomy and Physiology II BIO 111, either BIO 202 or BIO 221
4
BIO 323 Microbiology either BIO 111 or BIO 201, CHM 205
4
     
BIO 400-level Electives (2 of which must be labs) (no more than 3 credits of BIO 424 may apply)
12-20
BIO 401 Advanced Cell Biology Laboratory BIO 301
3
BIO 404 Developmental Biology with Lab BIO 301, BIO 302
4
BIO 411 Evolution BIO 302
3
BIO 414 Immunology BIO 301
3
BIO 415 Molecular Biology BIO 301, BIO 302, CHM 305
3
BIO 417 Recombinant DNA Laboratory BIO 302, CHM 305
3
BIO 420 Mechanisms of Aging BIO 301, BIO 302
3
BIO 424 Experimental Research Instructor's Permission
1-3
BIO 426 Recombinant DNA Course BIO 302, CHM 305
3
BIO 429 Electron Microscopy BIO 301
3
BIO 455 Neurophysiology  
3
BIO 467 Biochemistry I CHM 306
3
BIO 468 Biochemistry II BIO 467
3
BIO 470 Biochemistry Laboratory BIO 467, CHM 303
1
BIO 475 Cancer Biology BIO 301, BIO 302
3
BIO 480 Genomes and Proteosomes in Biomedicine BIO 301, BIO 302
3
BIO 489 Neurobiology: Memory, Self and Brain BIO 301, BIO 302
3

Table 2: Chemistry Requirements

A total of 16 credits chosen from below
Course Number Course Title Prerequisites / Corequisites Credits
CHM 205 College Chemistry I MTH 112
4
CHM 206 College Chemistry II CHM 205
4
CHM 305 Organic Chemistry I CHM 206
4
Students must also choose from one of the following:  
CHM 306 Organic Chemistry II CHM 305
4
CHM 303 Analytical Chemistry I CHM 206
4
CHM 313 Quantitative Chemical Analysis CHM 206
4

Table 3: Physics Requirements

A total of 8 credits chosen from below
Course Number Course Title Prerequisites / Corequisites Credits
Students must choose from one of the following sets of Introductory Physics Courses:
PHS 205 Introduction to Physics I with Lab MTH 122
4
PHS 210 Introduction to Physics II with Lab either PHS 205 or PHS 235
4
Or:
PHS 235 Physics I with Lab Corequisite MTH 201
4
PHS 240 Physics II with Lab Corequisite MTH 202
4

Table 4: Mathematics Requirements

One course chosen from below
Course Number Course Title Prerequisites / Corequisites Credits
Students must choose from one of the following Mathematics Courses:
MTH 201 Calculus I MTH 122
4
MTH 243 Elementary Statistics  
3
EVN 437 Biostatistics  
3
Please be aware that prerequisites may apply for Math courses

Table 5: A Typical 4-Year Program towards a B.S. in Biology

A Typical 4-Year Program
Semester 1 - Year 1 Semester 2 - Year 1
GEP 100 Freshman Seminar BIO 202 General Biology II with Lab
GEP 150 Computer Skills CHM 206 General Chemsitry II with Lab
BIO 201 General Biology I with Lab MTH 202 Calculus II
CHM 205 General Chemistry I with Lab   General Education Electives
ENL 112 Freshman Composition    
MTH 201 Calculus I    
       
Semester 3 - Year 2
Semester 4 - Year 2
BIO 302 Genetics BIO 301 Cell Biology
CHM 305 Organic Chemistry CHM 303 or 306 Organic Chemistry II or Analytical Chemistry
  General Education Electives BIO XXX 300- or 400-level BIO Electives
      General Education Electives
       
Semester 5 - Year 3
Semester 6 - Year 3
PHS 235 Physics I with Lab PHS 240 Physics II with Lab
BIO 3XX 300-level Biology Elective BIO 4XX 400-level Biology Electives
BIO 4XX 400-level Biology Electives   General Education Electives
  General Education Electives    
       
Semester 7 - Year 4
Semester 8 - Year 4
BIO 498 Senior Seminar BIO 4XX 400-level Biology Electives
BIO 4XX 400-level Biology Electives   General Education Electives
  General Education Electives    
Note: Up to 6 credits of either BIO 424 Research Experience or BIO 499 Independent Study in Biology may be included in the 400-level electives for the major.