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Graduate Studies Catalog (1999-2001)

History Department
(716) 395-2377

Chairperson and Professor: Robert Marcus, Ph.D., Northwestern University. Professors: Arden Bucholz, Ph.D., University of Chicago; Sumiko Higashi, Ph.D., University of California-Los Angeles; Owen S. Ireland, Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh; John W. Killigrew, Ph.D., Indiana University; W. Bruce Leslie, Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University; Salahuddin Malik, Ph.D., McGill University; Lynn H. Parsons, Ph.D., Johns Hopkins University; Robert J. Smith, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania; Robert W. Strayer, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison. Associate Professors: Ronald W. Herlan, Ph.D., SUNY Buffalo; Kathleen S. Kutolowski, Ph.D., University of Rochester; Kenneth P. O'Brien, Ph.D., Northwestern University. Associate Professor Emeritus: John F. Kutolowski, Ph.D., University of Chicago. Assistant Professor: Anne S. Macpherson, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison. Visiting Assistant Professor: Jennifer M. Lloyd, Ph.D., University of Rochester.

The Department of History offers graduate courses for those seeking a Master of Arts in History and for students in other graduate programs, including lecture/discussion classes, seminars, individualized courses, internships, teaching practicums and the possibility of a semester in England, France and Mexico. The department welcomes all graduate students who wish to develop their historical understanding and their critical skills.

The Master of Arts in History provides either the culmination of a student's formal education or preparation for a PhD program. It also qualifies those holding Provisional Certification for Permanent Certification in Social Studies or in Elementary Education. The department is committed to providing personal guidance and instruction; small seminars are the heart of the program.

Graduates use the MA in History as preparation for entering elementary and secondary teaching, PhD programs, museum work, government agencies, business, librarianship, community college teaching and other fields, as well as for personal enrichment. The program's emphasis on developing skills in analysis, writing, and oral presentation, as well as in historical understanding, prepares graduates for many opportunities.

Students are expected to develop a major field (15-18 credits) and a minor field (9-12 credits), to be devised in consultation with the student's advisor and the Graduate Committee. The major field will be world or American history. The minor field may be developed from a range of alter natives; the most common are listed below. Students planning to pursue a PhD are encouraged to develop a minor field in a geographic area different from their major field.

Master of Arts in History (30 credits)
1. Core Course (3 credits)
HST 600 Introduction to Historical Studies
2. Major Field
A. American History (15-18 credits)
HST 614 Reading Seminar in Early America
HST 615 Reading Seminar in Modern America
HST 691 Research Seminar in American History
American History electives (6-9 credits) by advisement
B. World History (18 credits)
Required Courses (6 credits)
HST 641 Explorations in World History
HST 695 Research in World History
Regional Seminars (6-12 credits)
HST 642 Early Modern Europe
HST 643 Modern Europe
HST 644 Latin America
HST 645 East Asia
HST 646 Africa
HST 647 South Asia
World History electives (0-6 credits) by advisement.

NOTE: Each student must complete courses in four of the following regions: Africa, East Asia, Europe, Latin America, South Asia.

3. Minor Field (9-12 credits)
a. Historical Tracks (suggested)
American History
European History
Military History
World History
Local History
Thematic across regions
Women's History

b. Professional and Interdisciplinary Tracks
Archives and Record Management
Museum Studies
Social Science

4. Elective (0-3 credits)

5. Comprehensive Examination

Candidates for the MA in History must complete a minimum of 30 credits of graduate course work with at least a "B" average. At least half of these credits must be at the 600 level or above. Students' progress is evaluated by the Graduate Committee at the end of each semester. Those with GPAs below 3.0 may be placed on academic probation. Students whose GP A remains below 3.0 for two semesters may be dematriculated from the program. Degree requirements must be completed within five years of the date of matriculation.

Courses Outside the Department of History
Students are encouraged to utilize the resources of the whole College in their MA curriculum. With careful advisement and the approval of the Graduate Committee, students may include courses from other departments in their program. For instance, students using the MA for teacher certification may develop minor fields that include courses in other social sciences and the Department of Education and Human Development. Students interested in archival management, museum work, and other fields might incorporate courses from departments such as public administration, computer science and art in their minor fields.

Foreign Language Requirements
Students are asked to demonstrate competence in the reading of a foreign language when appropriate to their subject matter emphasis and career plans.

A thesis is optional. The student's advisor usually directs the thesis research. The thesis should be an extension of work undertaken in earlier courses, especially HST 691, 693, 694, or 695. Another faculty member is selected by the Graduate Committee to serve as a second reader and also is responsible for the final review and approval of the thesis. The recommendation of the two readers is forwarded to the Graduate Committee. In case of disagreement, the Graduate Committee resolves the matter.

Comprehensive Examination
A written comprehensive examination on the major field is required of all students. The exam is intended to encourage students to integrate the work they've done in their major field. In designing a course of study, students should remember that the comprehensive examination is on the major field and not simply on the courses taken. Courses should be regarded as one means of mastering a field rather than as ends in themselves. Students nominate three faculty members to compose their examining committee, subject to the approval of the Graduate Committee. Normally, the student's advisor is included. The examination is scheduled and administered by the Graduate Committee. Candidates are offered no more than two opportunities to complete the examination successfully.

Computer Access
Graduate students enjoy access to the College's mainframe computer and computer labs with no extra fee. It performs a variety of quantitative and word-related tasks. SPSSX and SCSS, the two most important programs for historians, are both available. Students may access the mainframe from off campus via phone.

The Department of History maintains relationships with a number of institutions in the Rochester area. Where an institution's needs and a student's program intersect, the department will sponsor appropriate internships and award credit through HST 503.

Teacher Certification
The MA in History is a "functionally relevant degree" for Permanent Certification in Secondary Social Studies and in Elementary Education. The program that must be pursued depends upon the degree candidate's current certification status.

1. Students with Provisional Certification (30 credits): a. completion of the MA in history (30 credits).

2. Students with lapsed Provisional Certification in Secondary Social Studies: a. completion of the MA in History (30 credits)
b. passing the Core Battery Tests in the National Teacher Examination; and
c. two years of teaching experience.

Students should consult the Office of Teacher Certification at (716) 395-2344 when in doubt about certification requirements.


Some students apply for admission as matriculated students in history before undertaking course work. Others choose to begin taking courses as non-matriculated graduate students. In either case, students should contact the Director of Graduate Studies as soon as possible for advisement.

Up to 12 graduate credits of courses from other colleges in which at least a "B" was earned may be incorporated into the MA in History with the approval of the Graduate Committee. Students who already hold a master's degree may apply up to 12 credits of work from the first degree to the history MA with the approval of the Graduate Committee. In either case, courses offered for transfer credit must have been taken within the last five years.

To apply for admission as a matriculated student in the MA in History program a candidate must submit the following credentials to the Office of Graduate Admissions:

1. Graduate Application Form and Graduate Information Form (available from the Graduate Admissions Office);

2. official transcripts of all college work, undergraduate and graduate; (Applicants must have a bachelor's degree and should ordinarily have majored in history or one of the social sciences with at least a "B" average. Students who have majored in subjects outside social science must demonstrate the ability to work in the discipline of history at the graduate level.)

3. two letters of recommendation from instructors or others qualified to evaluate the student's probable success as a graduate student in history; and

4. a sample of the student's writing (usually a term paper or other research project).

Optional: Graduate Record Examination scores. The Graduate Committee encourages the inclusion of the Aptitude Test of the GRE in a student's application.

Financial Aid
A limited number of graduate assistantships are available for MA candidates. The responsibilities of an assistant may be instruction, research or administration and are limited to about 15 hours per week. Every attempt is made to ensure that the assistant's duties are relevant to his or her program of study. Assistantships carry a stipend and may involve tuition waivers as well. Occasional grants to faculty include provision for student aid.

Graduate Alumni Fellowship
In recent years, the department has been able to award a private scholarship through the generosity of an alumnus of the MA program. Interested students should contact the Director of Graduate Studies. The deadline for application is April 1.

Phi Alpha Theta
The department is proud to sponsor a chapter of Phi Alpha Theta, the international history honors society. Each spring graduate students who have demonstrated excellence are invited to join and are inducted in a special ceremony.

Dedman Award
The Graduate Committee presents an annual award to an outstanding graduate student in honor of the first director of graduate studies, Professor Emeritus W. Wayne Dedman.

Each student, upon admission as a candidate for the Master of Arts in History, will be assigned an advisor. Before admission, the Graduate Committee counsels students informally. Students who would like a copy of the Master of Arts in History Program Handbook and other information about the program should write or call:
Director of Graduate Studies
Department of History
SUNY College at Brockport
350 New Campus Drive
Brockport, New York 14420-2956
Telephone: (716) 395-2377

History Courses

HST 501 American History: Topics. Provides an overview of selected topics in American history for teaching and nonspecialists interested in acquiring, updating or refreshing basic understanding. Topics vary yearly. 3 Cr. Summer.

HST 502 History of Rochester. Covers the development of Rochester from its earliest days as a boom town on the Genesee River, through its transition from "Flour City" to "Flower City." Includes Rochester's emergence as a major business, research, and cultural center in the 20th century, and its impact on the surrounding area of New York state. 3 Cr. Spring.

HST 503 Internship. Prerequisite: Director's permission. Entails field experience in an archive, museum, historical society, or other institution that can provide a professionally valuable period of training closely related to the studentÕs academic program. Arranged through the Graduate Committee. 3 Cr.

HST 504 Global History Seminar. Considers the development of global history during the 20th century and introduces the study of several of its separate civilizations, such as India, China, Islam, Europe, Africa and Amerindia and topics such as gender, ecology, demography, and war. 3 Cr. Summer.

HST 511 New York History. Surveys New York state history from the hegemony of the Iroquois to today. Includes New York as a microcosm of national experience, social pluralism, economic development, and politics. 3 Cr. Fall.

HST 516 Colonial America. Surveys the colonial period of American History from pre-Columbian times through 1763. Explores topics such as the European "invasion" of America, Puritanism, the origins of American slavery, the status of colonial women, the American Enlightenment, and the emergence of Anglo-American political culture in the 18th century. 3 Cr. Spring.

HST 517 The American Revolution. Covers the socio-political dimensions of American history from the beginning of the Revolution through the creation of the new nation, the Constitution, the emergence of national-level politics and the War of 1812. 3 Cr. Fall.

HST 518 The Age of Jackson. Examines the central tendencies of American society in the second quarter of the 19th century, focusing on the transportation market evolution, the emergence of modern mass political parties and the evolving socio-economic structure. 3 Cr. Fall.

HST 519 Civil War and Reconstruction. Provides an intensive study of the Civil War era (1848- 1877). Surveys the breakdown of the American institutions that led to the Civil War, followed by an examination of the war itself and its controversial aftermath in the Reconstruction era. 3 Cr. Fall.

HST 520 America from Reconstruction to the Great C rash, 1877 -1929. Explores AmericaÕs change from a dominantly agrarian and commercial society into an urban, corporate capitalist one. Examines the impact of this revolution on family, community, politics, foreign policy, education and culture. Also covers immigration and dramatic changes in ethnic, religious, and racial life. 3 Cr. Fall.

HST 521 America Since 1929. Uses the Depression as a watershed and then examines American society to today. Features political change from Roosevelt to Reagan, foreign policy from Pearl Harbor to the present, and the evolution of popular culture since the 1920s. Also gives attention to economic and social developments. 3 Cr. Spring.

HST 523 U.S. Social History (A). Prerequisites: HST 211 or 212, and AMS 200. Explores the relationship between social structure, individual experience and everyday life; also patterns of sex roles, family organization, work and leisure, immigration and mobility, and the development of new lifestyles. 3 Cr. Spring.

HST 524 American Foreign Relations. Examines the dramatic evolution of the United States from weak and isolated former colonies to the worldÕs most powerful nation. Examines American diplomatic, economic, cultural, and political relations in order to understand the impact on the United States and of America on the world. 3 Cr. Spring.

HST 526 American Cultural History, 1865-1970 (A). Examines the emergence of modern American culture. Includes topics such as the aftermath of the Civil War; responses to industrialization, urbanization, and technological change; the rise of mass consumer culture; and the role of the artist and intellectual in American society. 3 Cr. Spring.

HST 531 History of Canada (A). Explores the historical development of Canada from its founding by the French to today, and emphasizes political, social, cultural, and economic aspects of Canadian development, as well as its relationship with Britain and the United States. 3 Cr. Spring.

HST 532 Latin America-20th Century. Surveys Latin America in the 20th century and emphasizes the problems and historical origins of contemporary issues. Includes social issues such as poverty, health, population and race relations; and political issues such as approaches to change in the Mexican Revolution, Castro's Cuba and Allende's Chile. 3 Cr.

HST 534 Modern Caribbean History: Puerto Rico and Cuba Since 1898. Examines the marked differences but also parallels between the Puerto Rican and Cuban national experiences since the U.S. intervention of 1868. This course considers economic, political, social, and cultural history. It includes the experience of migration to the U.S. and the linkages between island and diaspora histories. It concludes with reflections on the cultural futures of Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and their governments. 3 Cr.

HST 535 US-LA Relations. Analyzes current U.S. relations with Latin American republics with a focus on contemporary issues and their historical origins. Includes controversial topics such as the U.S. response to dictatorships, military regimes, human rights issues, Marxist-Socialist revolutions and economic crises. 3 Cr.

HST 537 Overseas London. Sponsored by Brunel University and SUNY Brockport, enables students to live and to study for one semester in London. Examines the relationships between British and American society and history by means of lectures, discussions and field trips. Credit varies. E very Semester.

HST 538 Overseas Paris. A semester course in Paris, includes French language or literature, French civilization, and an independent study project in literature or one of the social sciences. Field trips and guest lectures are integral to the program. Apply through the Office of International Education. Credit varies. Every Semester.

HST 540 Study in Mexico. Provides students with immersion in Mexican life and culture in Cuernavaca. Permits students to earn credits through the study of Spanish in small groups and through study of Mexican history, politics and culture. Enhances academic study with the experience of living with Mexican families. Credit varies. Spring.

HST 541 World War I. Covers military aspects of the Great War (1914-18), including the causes of the war, the German offensive, the Western and Eastern Fronts, sea battles, technology and warfare, the entry of the United States, the disintegration of Czarist Russia, and the movements for peace. 3 Cr.

HST 546 Renaissance and Reformation. Covers the origin and nature of the Renaissance, its evolution as a distinct cultural epoch, as well as its relationship to the mass religious movement known as the Reformation. Gives attention to the fine arts, literature, politics, economy, and intellectual climate of Europe. 3 Cr. Fall.

HST 548 The French Revolution. Considers the revolution's origins in the Old Regime and the Enlightenment before examining its political and cultural development as well as its immediate after math in the Napoleonic era and its influence on Europe in the nineteenth century. 3 Cr.

HST 549 Europe in the 20th Century. Examines European states' loss of political and economic hegemony in the world as they endured a series of crises--world wars, economic depression, totalitarianism, loss of empires--and political, economic, and cultural responses to this decline in the post World War II era. 3 Cr. Spring.

HST 550 Victorian Britain (A). Examines British history from about 1830 to 1900, and aims to examine the meaning of "Victorianism" in its political, socio-economic, religious, and intellectual/cultural aspects; focuses on England and Scotland; and gives attention to Ireland. 3 Cr.

HST 556 Modern France. Studies the main themes in French civilization since the Enlightenment through literature and art of the 19th and 20th centuries as well as historical studies of French society. 3 Cr. Fall.

HST 559 Modern Germany. Discusses the main themes in the development of German history from the 18th to the late 20th century. Emphasizes the political, economic, social, intellectual and military aspects and the ways in which these interrelate. 3 Cr.

HST 560 Modern Africa. Surveys major patterns of pre-colonial Africa, examines the colonial experience and African struggles for independence, and explores the problem of " development" in post colonial African states. 3 Cr.

HST 563 Revolution and Communism in China. Studies the history of China from the Revolution of 1911 to the aftermath of the economic and social reforms of the late 20th century: the issues of nationalism, militarism, war, and Marxism-Leninism; the rise of the Communist P arty and the role of Mao Zedong; salient political and socio-economic developments since 1949. 3 Cr. Spring.

HST 570 Capitalism and Culture (A,I). Examines world capitalism since the Renaissance as an economic and cultural phenomenon by considering science, technology, industry, entrepreneurship, social structure, government policy, and thought in selected countries and regions. 3 Cr.

HST 589 Intro to Archives and Records Management. Introduces the principles and methods of archives and records management. Focuses on records for career and/or scholarly research. Includes the general subject area of acquisition policies, processing and preservation of materials, and the field of non-paper records such as microphotography. Requires a major project for course completion. 3 Cr.

HST 594 History of Mexico. Provides a comprehensive history of Mexico from pre-Columbian times to the present with an emphasis on socio-economic, political and cultural factors which have shaped modern Mexico. Includes topics such as the Indian heritage, the Spanish colonial experience, Independence, the Revolution of 1910, and contemporary socio-economic problems. 3 Cr.

HST 595 Women, Gender and Class 1920-1940. Examines and analyzes European and U.S. women's experiences between the two world wars in terms of gender and class. Introduces theories of womenÕs and gender history and of gender and class analysis. Seminar format; committed student participation expected. 3 Cr.

HST 599 Independent Study in History. Arranged in consultation with the instructor-sponsor and in accordance with procedures of the Office of Academic Advisement prior to registration. 1-3 Cr. Every Semester.

HST 600 Introduction to Historical Studies. Explores the nature of historical knowledge and the means whereby that knowledge is achieved. Stresses the development and execution of a simple research design. Introduces students to modern historical scholarship. Should be taken early in a student's MA program. Also open to students in other programs with a serious interest in history. 3 Cr. Fall.

HST 614 Reading Seminar in Early America. A broad reading course in early American history, examines writings from the colonial beginnings through Reconstruction. Acquaints students with the principal literature and major recent interpretations of the field. Requires students to read, interpret, and synthesize a variety of readings in social, political, economic, and intellectual history. May be repeated for credit. 3 Cr. Fall.

HST 615 Reading Seminar in Modern America. Examines writings on American history since Reconstruction. Allows students to learn to analyze historical scholarship through readings and seminar discussions. Requires a concluding essay to help students develop a synthetic overview. May be repeated for credit. 3 Cr. Spring.

HST 641 Explorations in World History (A). Introduces students to World History as a distinctive field of historical study, focusing on transregional connections or encounters and on large-scale comparative analysis. Uses themes and case studies to illustrate the character of a truly "world" history, to develop a framework for examining cross-cultural interaction, and to foster facility in comparative analysis. 3 Cr. Fall.

HST 642 Regional Seminar: Early Modern Europe (A). Examines writings concerned with European history before 1789. Investigates those forces which first precipitated the societies of the European continent into the modern industrialized era. Places these developments in the context of the Mediterranean, the Atlantic economy, and the Islamic world. 3 Cr. Fall.

HST 643 Regional Seminar: Modern Europe (A). Introduces students to the study of Modern Europe and places this within the framework of world history, focusing on trans-regional connections or encounters and on large-scale comparative analysis. 3 Cr. Spring.

HST 644 Regional Seminar: Latin America (A). Examines Latin America from before the Spanish conquest to the present. Places the development of Latin America in a comparative context. 3 Cr. Fall.

HST 645 Regional Seminar: East Asia (A). Examines the history of the Sinocentric world, Southeast Asia, and Central Asia (Tibet, Xinjiang and contiguous Turkic-Muslim areas). Entails two segments: a) selected readings on a discrete, specific historical issue or development, and b) a critique and overview of significant English language works in Asian history. 3 Cr. Spring.

HST 646 Regional Seminar: Africa (A). Examines a series of themes or topics that cast Africa's historical experience in a larger world historical and comparative framework. Includes topics such as state-building, Islam in Africa, slavery and slave trades, the colonial experience, race relations, and nationalism. 3 Cr. Fall.

HST 647 Regional Seminar: South Asia (A). Examines the cultures of South Asia with particular attention to their relation to other major cultures. 3 Cr. Spring.

HST 691 Research Seminar in American History. Prerequisite: Instructor's permission. An individualized research experience. Allows students to develop skills in original scholarly research in American history and to explore the methods and resources appropriate for a selected area of investigation. Themes vary with the student and instructor. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

HST 693 Research in Latin American History. Prerequisite: Instructor's permission. An individualized research experience. Allows students to develop skills in original scholarly research in Latin American history and to explore the methods and resources appropriate for a selected area of investigation. Themes vary with the instructor and include Latin American politics, population and health-care issues, and economic problems. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

HST 694 Research in European History. Prerequisite: Instructor's permission. An individualized research experience. Explores in depth an original area of research, with an emphasis on methodology and contextual frameworks. Topics and chronological areas vary by instructor and include nationalism, ideologies, industrialization, politics, diplomacy, urbanization and women in early and modern European history. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

HST 695 Research in World History (A). Prerequisite: Instructor's permission. Offers an individualized research experience in which a student and a faculty member examine a topic of mutual interest and one in which the student has developed some expertise. Normally scheduled at the end of the student's program. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

HST 698 Quantitative Techniques. A one-on-one teaching-learning experience. Provides students with the opportunity to develop basic quantitative techniques and computer-based research skills to meet their special research needs. 1-3 Cr.

HST 699 Independent Study in History. Arranged in consultation with the instructor-sponsor and in accordance with procedures of the Office of Academic Advisement prior to registration. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

HST 710 College Teaching Practicum. Provides the mature graduate student in his or her second or third semester with extensive reading in the literature on current teaching practices, audio-visual material utilization, curriculum design, and experience in all aspects of collegiate-level teaching at the introductory level: lecturing; small group discussion; and the preparation, administration and evaluation of written assignments and exams. Culminates with a report containing a pedagogical essay by the student, a description of the teaching experience, and the instructor's evaluation of both the pedagogical essay and the teaching experience. 3 Cr.

HST 798 Thesis. Allows students to undertake a scholarly research, composition, and writing project with the assistance of a faculty advisor. May be completed in one or two semesters as a two-step research and writing project. Two readers must approve each submitted thesis. The original and one copy should be submitted to Drake Memorial Library, and one copy should be submitted to the Department of History, all unbound. 3-6 Cr.

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