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Undergraduate Studies Catalog 2003-2005

Department of History

191 Faculty Office Building
(585) 395-2377

Chairperson and Distinguished Teaching Professor: Owen S. Ireland; Distinguished Teaching Professor: Arden K. Bucholz, Jr.; Professors: John W. Killigrew, W. Bruce Leslie, Salahuddin Malik, Lynn H. Parsons, Alison M. Parker; Associate Professors: Kathleen Kutolowski, Kenneth P. O'Brien; Alison M. Parker; Assistant Professors: John P. Daly, Jennifer M. Lloyd, Anne S. Macpherson, Morag S. Martin, Paul B. Moyer, James A. Spiller, Wanda E. Wakefield; Professor Emeritus: John F. Kutulowski; Associate Professor Emeritus: Ronald W. Herlan.



The study of history lies at the heart of the liberal arts tradition, and has recently become an essential part of many pre-professional programs. At SUNY Brockport, a student may study history as part of the General Education requirements, may encounter it as a requirement for another major, or may major in it in preparation for careers in public service, education, advertising, writing, or most positions requiring intellectual flexibility, breadth of perspective and an inquiring mind. History majors may go on to graduate school, either in history itself, or in professional areas such as law or business. The Department of History at SUNY Brockport offers a variety of courses designed to serve any of these ends.

History Major

A. The history major consists of 36 credits of history courses, 18 of which must be 300/400- level courses taken at SUNY Brockport. Only courses in which a grade of "C" or higher is received are accepted as part of these requirements.

Students entering the College as transfers may be exempted from HST 101 and 102 if they have completed six credits in Western Civilization courses at another institution. Transfer students may also substitute a modern European history course in place of HST 221. All other requirements are the same.

B. Mandatory Core:
1. HST 101 & 102 The World and the West, I, II
2. HST 211 & 212 American History, I, II
3. HST 221 Modern Europe
4. One course from the following list:
  HST 341 Middle East Crisis
  HST 361 History of Japan
  HST 363 Islam
  HST 375 Colonial Latin America
  HST 376 Modern Latin America
  HST 389 Modern China
  HST 388 Traditional China
  HST 434 Modern Caribbean History
  HST 460 Modern Africa
  HST 467 Modern South Asia
  HST 438 Women and Gender in Latin-American History
  HST 487 Asian Survey
C. The History Seminar (HST 390)
  Prerequisites (three of the following):
  HST 101, 102, 211, 212.
D. Electives
  Any five History courses; including at least one 400 level* course *400 level history courses require a major research paper.

History Major Adolescent Social Studies Certification Track

History majors seeking certification to teach adolescent social studies must complete the following track in the major. Students should consult the section of the catalog for Education and Human Development, Adolescent Teacher Certification, for other requirements.

A. World History
  HST 101 The World and the West: The Ancient Era
  HST 102 The World and the West: The Modern Era
B. American History
  HST 211 Early America
  HST 212 Modern America
C. European History
  HST 221 Modern Europe
D. HST 390 History Seminar
E. Asian and Middle East
  (one of the following)
  HST 361 Japan
  HST 388 Traditional China
  HST 487 Asian Survey
  HST 389 Modern China
F. Latin American History
  (one of the following or HST 434 or 438 by advisement)
  HST 375 Colonial Latin America
  HST 376 Modern Latin America
G. African or Middle Eastern History
  AAS 320 Pre-Colonial Africa
  HST 341 Modern Middle East
  HST 460 Modern Africa
H. Advanced American History
  HST 420 or 421

(One of the following:) HST 407, 411, 416, 417, 418, 419, 420, 421, 422, 426, or 495

I. Teaching Social Studies Inclusively
  EDI 468, cross-listed as HST 468

J. Social Science Corequisites (12 credits)

1. Sociology, Anthropology or African-American Studies 3
(one of the following)

  • A course on Native Americans
  • A course on African-American history or society
  • SOC 210 Social Problems

2. Economics (one of the following) 3

  • ECN 100 Contemporary Economic Problems
  • ECN 202 Principles of Economics-Macro

3. Geography 3

  • ESC 102 Elements of Geography

4. Political Science 3

  • PLS 113 American Political Systems

Note: The history major requires at least one "400" level course.

History Minor:
The minor requires 18 history credits, at least nine of which must be upper-division. Only courses in which students earn a grade of "C" or higher satisfy these requirements. At least half of the credits must have been completed at SUNY Brockport.

Phi Alpha Theta
The Department of History is proud to sponsor a chapter of Phi Alpha Theta, the international history honor society. Juniors and seniors who achieve academic excellence are inducted into the chapter each spring.

History Courses

HST 101 The World and the West: The Ancient Era Conveys a global and comparative perspective on major themes in human history in the pre-1500 era and situates the historical experience of the West within that framework (A,G,O). Explores classical traditions of the several world civilizations, the spread of world religions, construction of ancient empires and societies, and on the multiple encounters among them. 3 Cr. Every Semester

HST 102 The World and the West: The Modern Era Conveys a global and comparative perspective on major themes in human history since roughly 1500 and situates the historical experience of the West within that framework (A,G,O). Focuses on the modern transformation of the West, its rise to global domination and the various challenges to that domination, which have arisen over the past several centuries. 3 Cr. Every Semester

HST 113 Introduction to Afro-American History (A,D). Cross-listed as AAS 113. Examines the historical experience and conditions of persons of African descent within the American historical milieu. 3 Cr. Every Semester

HST 211 Early America (A,V). Provides a basic narrative survey of American political, economic, social and cultural history with an emphasis on early America. Includes topics such as unity and diversity in American society, the development of common institutions and how they have affected different groups, and America's relationship to the rest of the world. 3 Cr. Every Semester

HST 212 Modern America (A,V). Provides a basic narrative survey of American political, economic, social and cultural history with an emphasis on modern America. Includes topics such as unity and diversity in American society, the development of common institutions and how they have affected different groups, and America's relationship to the rest of the world. 3 Cr. Every Semester

HST 221 Modern Europe (A). Examines the rise of Europe from the Renaissance to the First World War, and its relative decline in the 20th century. Includes the rise and expansion of capitalism; the industrial revolution; social, political, and religious upheavals; the rise and fall of monarchies; imperialism and nationalism; and the major crises of the 20th century. 3 Cr. Every Semester

HST 302 History of Science and Technology in America (A,J,E). Examines the changing relationships among scientific research, technological innovation, and a diverse society throughout American history. Through course readings and student research projects, emphasizes the wide-ranging influence specific fields of science and technology had on the United States as it developed from a rural colony into a modern, urban, industrial power. 3 Cr.

HST 304 History of the Jewish People (A). Provides a survey of the political, cultural and religious history of the Jews, from 586 BC to the present. Covers Rabbinic Judaism, the Jewish Middle Ages, the Holocaust, and the emergence of modern Israel. 3 Cr.

HST 310 American-Indian History (A,D,U). Provides an overview of the history of North American's Indian peoples from the advent of European contact to the present day. Addresses the diversity of Indian culture and experience, the impact of contact wth European cultures, and the emergence of Indian history as a distinct historical field. 3 Cr.

HST 311 The New York Experience (A). Surveys New York state history from the hegemony of the Iroquois to today. Includes main themes such as New York as a microcosm of national experience, social pluralism, economic development, and politics. 3 Cr. Fall Semester

HST 313 Slavery in the Antebellum South (A). Cross-listed as AAS 313. Provides a study of some of the dynamics of slavery in the South between 1800 and 1860. Includes firsthand accounts of observers and the political, economic and racial implications of this system. Compares the US plantation slavery to other slave systems in the Americas. Encourages students to borrow from the disciplines of anthropology, sociology, literature, and economics, as well as from political and intellectual history. 3 Cr. Fall

HST 324 Gender, Power and Politics in America (A,W). Explores American politics from the 18th century until today, emphasizing central tendencies and long-term patterns in the distribution and exercise of power in America with special attention to gender, interests, and ideologies. 3 Cr.

HST 327 American Military Experience (A). Following a chronological format, studies the relationship of military policy to foreign policy, the issue of war and peace, the conduct of diplomacy and military operations, the impact of technology on war and politics, organizational development of the armed forces, and the constitutional structure of civil military relationships. 3 Cr. Spring

HST 328 Women in America (A,D,W). Cross-listed as WMS 328. Focuses on cultural images of American women, such as the Victorian lady, the flapper, and Rosie the Riveter, as prescriptions within specific socio-economic contexts from the antebellum period to today; individual as well as organized resistance to conventional definitions of womanhood; and contemporary issues, including employment, reproductive freedom, the significance of the media, and historiographical issues in women's history. 3 Cr. Spring

HST 335 Roman Empire (A). Investigates reasons for the fall of the Roman Republic and the establishment of the Empire. Explores Rome's imperial administration and cultural achievements, Rome's relations to Persia and the barbarian tribes, and reasons for the decline of the Roman Empire in the West but not the East. 3 Cr. Spring

HST 341 Middle East Crisis: Historical Perspective (A,C). Explores reasons for the recurrent crises in the Middle East and their global implications, especially for the United States. Concentrates on 20th-century events which have direct consequences on events in the Middle East today. 3 Cr. Spring

HST 343 History of the Soviet Union (A,J). Highlights the multiple legacies of the Russian Empire; examines the Russian Revolution; explores the nature of the Stalinist regime; and seeks to explain the collapse of the Soviet Union. 3 Cr. Fall

HST 344 Sex, Sin and Sorority: Women in the Early American Republic (A,U,W). Cross-listed as WMS 344. Explores the origins of the modern American woman. Seeks to describe and explain the ways women in America transformed their reproductive, productive, political, and personal lives during the first century of The Great American Republic, c. 17761876. Is aimed at a general audience and has no prerequisites. Entails lectures, reading, discussion, quizzes, and essay exams. 3 Cr. Every Semester

HST 346 Renaissance and Reformation (A,D). Prerequisite: HST 101. Studies the origin and nature of the Renaissance, its evolution as a distinct cultural epoch, as well as its relationship to the mass religious movement known as the Reformation. Gives attention to the fine arts, literature, politics, economies and the intellectual climate of Europe between 1300 and 1600. 3 Cr.

HST 351 Nazi Germany (A). Explores the creation and destruction of Hitler's Germany within the context of 20th-century Europe, and the ironies and complexities of this modern human catastrophe. 3 Cr.

HST 355 Modern War 17401939 (A). Studies the wars of the American and French Revolutions, Napoleon, the American Civil War and World War I. Emphasizes the theory and practice of modern war as it relates to technology, politics and the concepts of limited and unlimited warfare. 3 Cr. Fall

HST 356 War Since 1945 (A). Studies the most recent ideas and varieties of war, including mechanized, guerilla, nuclear and conventional warfare. Examines the Chinese Civil War, Korean War, the Vietnam War, and the wars in the Middle East. 3 Cr. Spring

HST 358 Family and Social Change in American History (A,W,D). Focuses on family structures and strategies, challenges to patriarchal families, and changing views of marriage and motherhood. Includes consideration of Native-American, black and immigrant experiences. Explores issues such as the effects of the women's rights movement on families and working mothers, single parents, and alternative families. 3 Cr.

HST 359 European Women (A,U,W). Cross- listed as WMS 359. Examines the history of European women since 1500, including traditional roles in political, economic, cultural and social life. Focuses on the changes over the centuries. 3 Cr. Spring

HST 361 History of Japan (A,C). Studies Japanese political, economic and cultural history from the early Yamato state to the status as an economic superpower in the late 20thcentury. 3 Cr. Fall

HST 362 The History of World War II (A). Explores the major theaters and homefronts of World War IIEurope, North Africa, Asia and the Pacific. Views war from several perspectives: military-strategic and tactical, political, economic, ideological and social. Examines reasons for the war, and the nature of total, unlimited and national warfare. 3 Cr. Spring

HST 363 Islam (A,C). Explores the personality of Mohammed; his message; the evolution of classical Islam; its spread through Asia, Africa and Europe; the socio-economic expression of the Islamic ideal and its egalitarianism; the status of women; and the breakdown of a unified Islamic state. 3 Cr. Every Semester

HST 364 History of Britain (A). Studies the major political, social, economic, religious, intellectual and cultural developments in Britain from pre-Roman times to the eve of the Industrial Revolution by emphasizing dynamics of change such as ideas, personalities, and general forces. 3 Cr. Fall

HST 371 Brockport Career Exploration Course in History I (B). Prerequisite: Registration by departmental approval only. Offers sophomores, juniors and seniors an opportunity for career exploration and skill development in history. 3 Cr. Every Semester

HST 372 Brockport Career Exploration Course in History II (B). Prerequisite: Registration by departmental approval only. See description of HST 371. 3 Cr. Every Semester

HST 375 Colonial Latin America (A). Covering 14501820, analyzes the dynamics of Spanish and Portuguese conquest in the "New World," indigenous peoples' active shaping of colonial rule, the importance of African slavery and race in colonial economies and societies, and the Catholic church's regulation of gender relations. Examines regional diversity, colonialism's enduring strengths, and the reasons for its rapid collapse in the independence wars of the 1810s. 3 Cr.

HST 376 Modern Latin America. Analyzes 19th- and 20th-century Latin America's history of struggle against colonial legacies, as well as new forms of economic and military oppression associated with dependent capitalist development. Asks students to consider the meanings of national independence in a region sharply divided by race and class, where peasants, workers and women have fought for political rightssometimes winning revolutionsand where foreign influences limit state autonomy. 3 Cr.

HST 388 Traditional China (A,C). Studies the development and continuity of Chinese history from the early Chou period to Ch'ing dynastic demise; emphasizes the historical foundations of Chinese civilization; chronologically examines significant historical trends; and critiques the late Ch'ing and factors leading to reform, rebellion and revolution. 3 Cr. Fall

HST 389 Modern China (A,C). Prerequisite: HST 102. Studies the history of China from the Revolution of 1911 to the aftermath of the economic and social reforms of the late 20th century: the issue of nationalism, militarism, war, and Marxism-Leninism; the rise of the Communist Party and the role of Mao Zedong; and salient political and socio-economic developments since 1949. 3 Cr. Spring

HST 390 The History Seminar (A,U). Prerequisites: Three of the following: HST 101, 102, 211 and 212. Required seminar for all declared history majors. Introduces students to the elements of historical methodology and research. Should be taken as soon as possible after completing three of the following: HST 101, 102, 211, and 212. 3 Cr. Every Semester

HST 399 Independent Study in History (A). Arranged in consultation with the instructor-sponsor and in accordance with the procedures of Office of Academic Advisement prior to registration. 1-3 Cr.

HST 401 American History: Topics (A). Studies selected issues and topics according to student demand and faculty interest. Defined by the instructor in accordance with the specific topic offered that semester. 3 Cr.

HST 402 History of Rochester (A). Prerequisite: HST 211 or 212. Explores the development of Rochester from its earliest days as a boom town on the Genesee River, through its transition from "Flour City" to "Flower City." Also discusses Rochester's emergence as a major business, research, and cultural center in the 20th century, and its impact on the surrounding area in New York state. 3 Cr.

HST 406 Culture and Sport (A). Examines the influence of cultural patterns on sports as they have developed overt the centuries. Using a wide variety of materials, asks students to look at sport in Africa, Asia, Europe and North America. 3 Cr.

HST 407 American Environmental History (A,E,H,I). Examines the changing relationship between people and nature over the course of American history. Considers why Americans' environmental attitudes have changed, how human activities in the colonies and United States affected the natural world, and in what ways these affects created opportunities for and limitation on economic development and social progress. 3 Cr.

HST 416 Colonial America (A,U,D). Prerequisite: HST 390. Entails a writing-intensive upper-division survey of North American history from pre-Columbian times through 1763. Explores topics such as Indian-European contact and conflict, European imperial competition and methods of colonization, the origins of slavery and African-American culture, and the emergence of a distinct Anglo-American social order in the 18th century. 3 Cr.

HST 417 The American Revolution (A,U,D,W). Prerequisite: HST 390 or equivalent course. Provides a study of the socio-political dimensions of American history from the beginning of the Revolution through the creation of the new nation, the Constitution, and the emergence of national-level politics. 3 Cr. Spring

HST 418 The Early Republic (A,U). Prerequisite: HST 390 or concurrent enrollment in HST 390. Focuses on the "Age of Jefferson" and the "Age of Jackson," roughly US history from the 1790s through the 1840s. Emphasis will vary according to the choice of the instructor. 3 Cr.

HST 419 The Civil War Era, 18481877 (A). Cross-listed as AAS 419. Prerequisite: HST 211. Provides an intensive study of the Civil War era (18481877). Surveys the breakdown of the American institutions that led to the Civil War, followed by an examination of the War itself and its controversial aftermath in the Reconstruction era. 3 Cr. Spring

HST 420 America from Reconstruction to the Great Crash, 18771929 (A). Prerequisite: HST 212. Explores America's transformation from a predominantly agrarian and commercial society into an urban, corporate capitalist one. Examines the impact of this revolution on family, community, politics, foreign policy, education and culture. Also covers immigration and dramatic changes in ethnic, religious, and racial life. 3 Cr. Fall

HST 421 America since 1929 (A). Prerequisite: HST 212. Uses the Depression as a watershed and then examines American society to today. Features political change from Roosevelt to Reagan, foreign policy from Pearl Harbor to today, and the evolution of popular culture since the 1920s. Also gives attention to economic and social developments. 3 Cr. Spring

HST 422 History of American Education (A). Because American education can only fully be appreciated when you understand its fascinating history, and Americans have long placed education at the center of national life, expecting it to cure social problems, shape cultural identity, and promote individualism, examines education through three perspectives: the evolution of American schools and educational beliefs, education's changing social role, and placing American schools in international prespective. 3 Cr.

HST 423 US Social History (A). Prerequisite: HST 211 or 212. Explores relationships involving social structure, individual experience, and everyday life; patterns of sex roles; family organization; work and leisure; immigration and mobility; and the development of new lifestyles. 3 Cr.

HST 424 American Foreign Relations (A). Prerequisite: HST 211. In the late 19thcentury the United States burst on the international scene, quickly becoming the most influential society in history. Examines that dramatic trajectory through America's cultural, diplomatic, economic, educational, and political relations with other societies. Explores the impact of America on other societies and their impact on American society. 3 Cr.

HST 426 American Cultural History (A). Prerequisite: HST 212. Examines the emergence of modern American culture. Includes topics such as the aftermath of the Civil War; responses to industrialization, urbanization, and technological change; the rise of mass consumer culture; and the role of the artist and intellectual in American society. 3 Cr. Spring

HST 434 Modern Caribbean (A). Cross-listed as AAS 434. As an advanced course, covers the French, Spanish, and British Caribbeans since the Haitian Revolution of the 1790s. Investigates how slavery and abolition, colonialism and nationalism, social and cultural movements, racism and dependency have forged this fascinating and paradoxical region. Considers questions of identity, especially for Afro-Caribbean women and men, in comparative framework. 3 Cr.

HST 438 Women and Gender in Latin-American History. Cross-listed as WMS 438. As an advanced course, examines the diversity of Latin-American and Caribbean women's experiences from the Iberian conquest to the 20th century. Analyzes the gender dynamics of colonial, national, dictatorial and revolutionary states, economies and cultures, and the importance of women's movements and feminism. Includes discussion of Latina history in the US and of Latin-American and Caribbean masculinity in historical perspective. 3 Cr.

HST 441 World War I (A). Prerequisite: HST 300. Explores the military aspects of the Great War (191418): the causes of the war, the German offensive, the Western and Eastern fronts, sea battles, technology and war fare, the entry of the United States, the disintegration of Czarist Russia, and the movements for peace. 3 Cr.

HST 448 The French Revolution (A). Prerequisite: HST 300. Considers the Revolution's origins in the Old Regime and the Enlightenment before examining its political and cultural development as well as its immediate aftermath in the Napoleonic era and its influence on Europe in the 19th century. 3 Cr.

HST 449 Europe in the 20th Century (A). Prerequisite: HST 300. Examines European states' loss of political and economic hegemony in the world as they endured a series of crisesworld wars, economic depression, totalitarianism, loss of empiresand political, economic, and cultural responses to this decline in the post-World War II era. 3 Cr. Spring

HST 456 Modern France (A). Prerequisite: HST 300. Studies the main themes in French civilization since the Enlightenment through literature and art of the 19th and 20th centuries, as well as historical studies of French society. 3 Cr. Every Semester

HST 460 Modern Africa (A,J). Cross-listed as AAS 460. Prerequisite: HST 102. As a course in 20th-century African history, surveys major patterns of pre-colonial Africa and examines the colonial experience and African struggles for independence. Also explores the problem of "development" in post-colonial African states. 3 Cr.

HST 467 Modern South Asia (A,C). Surveys the background of South-Asian nations under European colonialism and the movement to independence. Also examines the post-independence problems of the area and the contemporary impact of these nations on the world. 3 Cr.

HST 487 Asian Survey (A,C). Surveys Asian cultures through films, slides, lectures, and textbooks. Using a chronological and regional approach, focuses on the unity and diversity of the peoples and cultures of China, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and the Middle East. 3 Cr.

HST 495 Women and Class (A). Cross-listed as WMS 495. Examines and analyzes US women's experiences in terms of gender, class, and work. Introduces theories of women's and gender history and of gender and class analysis. Seminar format; committed student participation expected. 3 Cr.

HST 499 Independent Study in History (A). Prerequisite: HST 101, 102, 211 or 212. Arranged in consultation with the instructor-sponsor and in accordance with procedures of the Office of Academic Advisement prior to registration. 1-3 Cr. Every Semester

The information in this publication was current as of December 2002 when the text was compiled. Changes, including but not restricted to, tuition and fees, course descriptions, degree and program requirements, policies, and financial aid availability may have occurred since that time. Whether or not a specific course is scheduled for a given term is contingent on enrollment, budget and staffing. The college reserves the right to make any changes it finds necessary and may announce such changes for student notification in publications other than the College catalogs. For the purpose of degree and program completion, students are bound by the requirements in effect as stated in the printed catalog at the time of their matriculation at SUNY Brockport. Inquiries on the current status of requirements can be addressed to the appropriate College department of office. Also refer to the Brockport Web site home page at for current information.