ENV 500 Plant Diversity (A). Prerequisites: One general biology and one 400-level ecology course. In-depth study of the diversity of plants from an evolutionary perspective to taxonomic and botanical characteristics. Laboratory and field work surveys plant structures and principles of plant classifications and identification from the cellular to organismal level. Projects include plant collection and preservation, plant propagation, plant reproduction, and review and presentation of botanical literature. 4 Cr. Even Fall. 4 Cr. Even Fall.
ENV 505 Plant Ecology (A). Prerequisite: One general biology and one 400-level ecology course. In depth study of the relationships among plants as well as with the environment, including; physiological ecology and describing the plant environment; population ecology and interactions between plants and other organisms; and community ecology including plant diversity and temporal dynamics. Field exercises explore local plant communities using experimental and quantitative techniques. Students analyze and discuss current readings in plant ecology. 4 Cr. Odd Fall. 4 Cr. Odd Fall.
ENV 506 Wildlife Ecology (A). Prerequisites: One general biology and one 400-level ecology course. In-depth study of wildlife ecology. Lecture topics include population ecology, behavior, nutrition, disease, habitat management, predator-prey systems, economics and the human dimensions of wildlife management. Laboratories and field work include radio telemetry, census methods, aging white-tailed deer and computer modeling. 4 Cr. Even Fall. 4 Cr. Even Fall.
ENV 513 Topics in Plant Biology (A). Prerequisite: ENV 400 or 405. In-depth discussion of recent scientific literature and experimental data in plant biology, ecology, and systematics. Students critically analyze current scientific literature and write a research paper. 3 Cr.
ENV 519 Principles of Limnology (A). Introduces students to the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of lakes and streams. Lecture topics include top-down: bottom-up control of food webs, eutrophication, nutrient cycling, acid precipitation effects on lakes, paleolimnology, etc. Recommended for students interested in oceanography and marine biology. Laboratory and field methods covered include sampling and identification of selected aquatic organisms, chemical analysis of water, and operation of physical and chemical sampling gear. Includes field exercises on lakes and streams. 4 Cr. Fall.
ENV 523 Biology of Pollution (A). Prerequisites: One general biology and one college chemistry course. In-depth study of chemistry and biology of pollution. Primary focus on water pollution problems and effects of pollutants on organisms at the molecular, cellular, physiological and behavioral levels, plus effects on populations, communities and ecosystems. Overview of toxicity testing techniques and data analysis. 3 Cr. Odd Spring 3 Cr. Odd Spring.
ENV 527 Animal Behavior (A). Prerequisite: ENV 303. In-depth study of the mechanisms and evolution of animal behavior. Topics include methods for the observation and quantification of behavior, natural selection and evolution of behavior, behavioral genetics, neural and physiological mechanisms of behavior, development of behavior, communication, migration and orientation, foraging behavior, social behavior, sexual reproduction, parental investment, and mating systems. Reading and discussion of primary literature. 3 Cr. Odd Fall. 3 Cr. Odd Fall.
ENV 530 Ornithology (A). Prerequisites: One general biology and one 400-level ecology course. In-depth study of birds. Explores their form, function, ecology and evolution. Topics includes anatomy, physiology, origins and biophysics of flight, migration and annual cycle, mating systems, and population and community ecology of birds. Includes lab and field study of anatomy and flight, identification techniques, census methods, and trapping and banding. 4 Cr. Even Spring 4 Cr. Even Spring.
ENV 535 Northern Wetlands (A). Prerequisites: One general biology and one 400-level ecology course. In-depth study of wetlands of the northern United States - peatlands and Great Lakes coastal marshes. Wetland development will be addressed starting with underlying geology and hydrology, then proceeding to biogeochemistry and development of plant communities and faunal habitats. Human impacts on these wetland types will be assessed, along with potential means for preventing degradation and restoring wetland functions. 3 Cr. Even Spring 3 Cr. Even Spring.
ENV 539 Conservation Biology (A). Prerequisites: One general biology and one 400-level ecology course. In-depth study of conservation biology. Examines current theories and data from evolutionary biology, ecology and genetics as they relate to the conservation of biological diversity. Topics include causes of extinction, habitat loss and fragmentation, design of nature reserves, landscape ecology, application of basic principles of population biology to species conservation, and restoration ecology. 3 Cr. Even Spring. 3 Cr. Spring.
ENV 540 Herpetology (A). Prerequisites: One general biology and one 400-level ecology course. In-depth study of reptiles and amphibians. Explores their form, function, ecology and evolution. Topics include anatomy, physiology, mating systems, population and community ecology of reptiles and amphibians, and their conservation biology. Includes lab and field study of identification techniques, capture and census methods. 4 Cr. Odd Spring.
ENV 544 Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology (A). Introduction to the major terrestrial ecosystems of the world and the stresses they face due to global environmental change such as rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels, global warming, declining biodiversity, invasive species and elevated nitrogen deposition. Systems will be compared and contrasted with respect to their major characteristics, including vegetation, energy flow, and nutrient cycling and inputs. 3 Cr. Odd Spring.
ENV 546 Wetland Ecology (A). Prerequisites: One general biology and one 400-level ecology course. In-depth study of wetland science, including wetland types, functions and values, hydrology, biogeochemistry, development and succession, and plant and animal communities. The course is directed toward practical application of knowledge gained and concludes with wetland management and restoration and addressing wetland management problems. 4 Cr. Fall.
ENV 548 Restoration Ecology (A). Prerequisites: ENV 446. In-depth approach to restoration of terrestrial, wetland, and aquatic ecosystems to be addressed by focusing on regulatory constraints, site characterization/ evaluation, conceiving and designing restoration projects that fit within the surrounding landscape, monitoring requirements, control of invasives, and adaptive management. Students working in groups will develop conceptual restoration projects of their own choosing in terrestrial, wetland, or aquatic ecosystems. Case studies will be assigned for further analysis of restoration options. 3 Cr. Odd Spring.
ENV 552 Environmental Laws and Regulations (A). In-depth discussion of key federal and state environmental laws, how branches of government interact to enforce environmental laws and regulations, and the roles scientists and lawyers play in resolving environmental issues. 3 Cr. Fall.
ENV 559 Mammalogy (A). Prerequisites: One general biology and one 400-level ecology course. In-depth study of mammals. Explores their form, function, ecology and evolution. Topics include origins, anatomy, physiology, diet and feeding strategies, population and community ecology, and social systems. Laboratory and field activities emphasize mammalian classification, habitat selection and population biology. 4 Cr.
ENV 562 Aquatic Toxicology. Prerequisite: One general biology and one 400-level ecology course. In-depth study of toxicity testing equipment, procedures and organisms. Students design toxicity tests and culture test organisms. 4 Cr. Even Spring.
ENV 564 Aquaculture (A). Prerequisite: One general biology and one 400-level ecology course. In-depth study of the principles and practices of aquaculture. Topics include history of aquaculture and its future outlook; types and components of culture systems; water quality; nutrition; reproduction and selective breeding; aquatic animal health; culture of major species; environmental concerns associated with aquacultural operations; regulations pertaining to aquaculture practices; and aquaculture marketing. 3 Cr. Even Fall.
ENV 566 Great Lakes Issues (A). In-depth study of the major environmental issues facing the Great Lakes. Topics include an overview of the physical, chemical and biological components of the Great Lakes ecosystem, toxic substances and areas of concern, invasive species, nearshore health and nonpoint source pollution, habitat and wildlife destruction and degradation, alteration of natural lake levels, and action plans to monitor, assess and protect the overall health of the Great Lakes ecosystem (GLRI, LaMPs). 3 Cr. Odd Spring.
ENV 577 Field Biology. Prerequisites: One general biology and one 400-level ecology course. Explores flora and fauna of various habitats in Western New York. Topics include structure and function of communities, species identification, qualitative and quantitative assessment of communities and ecosystems, and general conservation theory and practice. 4 Cr. Summer.
ENV 583 Aquatic Invertebrates. Prerequisites: One general biology and one 400-level ecology course. In-depth study of aquatic invertebrates and their importance in stream and lake ecosystems. Topics include invertebrate biology and ecology, classification and identification (insects, crustaceans, mites, annelids, mollusks, etc.), use of dichotomous keys and sampling equipment, and preparation techniques. Prepares students to predict habitat or water quality conditions based on the invertebrate fauna present. 4 Cr. Odd Spring.
ENV 584 Fisheries Science and Management (A). Prerequisites: One general biology and one 400-level ecology course. In-depth study of fish ecology, fisheries science and fisheries management. Topics include fish ecology (niche, competition, predation, optimal foraging, biodiversity), population dynamics (mortality, growth, recruitment, fishery models), management (regulations, habitat, and population manipulations, stocking), and aquatic systems (: warm- and cold water lakes, streams and rivers, ponds and reservoirs). 3 Cr. Even Spring.
ENV 586 (A). Prerequisites: One general biology and one 400-level ecology course. In-depth study of the biology of fishes. Topics include fish diversity, evolution, anatomy, movement, osmoregulation, growth, reproduction, sensory systems. Weekly laboratories focus on practical experience with techniques used by fishery scientists: collection methods, anatomy and physiology, age and growth, quantitative measures and fish identification using taxonomic keys. 4 Cr. Fall.
ENV 614 Experimental Design and Data Interpretation (A). Prerequisite: MTH122 or higher. In-depth study of experimental design, hypothesis formulation and testing, data manipulation and analysis, and interpretation of biological data. Topics include descriptive statistics, exploratory data analysis, and parametric and non-parametric two-and multi-sample tests using analysis of variance, regression and other techniques. 3 Cr. Fall.
ENV 616 Multivariate Statistics (A). Prerequisite: ENV 614. Provide students with a working knowledge of the basic concepts underlying the most important multivariate techniques, such as principal component analysis, factor analysis, cluster analysis, discriminant analysis, canonical correlation analysis, and multivariate regression analysis. More specifically, the course will help students to identify the appropriate multivariate method with respect to research questions and data sets; to compute multivariate statistical analysis using standard statistical software, interpret and present results; and provide hands-on practice with multivariate techniques that are employed in preparations of Theses, dissertations and research papers. 3 Cr. Even Spring.
ENV 621 Water Chemistry (A). Prerequisite: Two college chemistry courses. In-depth study of the theory and operation of analytical environmental chemistry instruments. Hands-on activities include flame and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrophotometry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), gas chromatography by micro-ECD, and autoanalyser techniques for nutrients. Extraction techniques for tissue (soxhletic) and water (C-18 empore filters) analysis are covered. Each student develops a water quality profile for a body of water. 4 Cr. Spring.
ENV 692 Graduate Intership (A). Designed for the student who wishes to gain experience working with an environmental organization in the public or private sector (e.g. industry, government, environmental organizations). Can be taken only once for credit. 1-3 Cr. By Arrangement.
ENV 695 Topics in Environmental Science (A). Designed for the student who wishes to gain experience in a special field of study. Details reflect student demand, needs, topics of interest, and instructor availability. 1-3 Cr. By Arrangement.
ENV 699 Independent Study in Environmental Science (A). Designed individually through consultation between student and instructor to suit the student's needs and interests and the special competence of the instructor. Additional requirements may be imposed by the department. 1-6 Cr. By Arrangement.
ENV 704 Research Thesis (A). Individual investigation of an original research problem to be submitted in a format acceptable to satisfy the requirements for the master's degree as determined by department rules and regulations. 1-6 Cr. Every Semester.
ENV 705 Graduate Research Seminar (A). The student takes two semester-long 1 credit seminars during the first year of the graduate program. Fall: Steps in the program, designing a thesis research project and critical review of scientific papers, Spring: scientific writing and critical review of scientific papers. 1-2 Cr. Every Semester.