BIO 111 Principles of Biology (A,L). For non-majors; course is not applicable to the major in biological sciences; a prerequisite for BIO 321-322. Through lecture/discussions and laboratory activities, examines the structure and function of living organisms extending from the cellular level to the Earth’s biosphere as a system. 4 Cr. Every Semester. 4 Cr.
BIO 201 Biology I (A,L). For Biology and Med Tech Majors: Provides an integrated exploration of the fundamentals of biology as a science, the nature and origin of life, biological chemistry, cell biology, and genetics. Draws upon plants, animals and microbes to illustrate structure and function relationships. 4 Cr. Every Semester. 4 Cr. Every Semester.
BIO 202 Biology II (A,L). Prerequisite: BIO 201. Focuses on organismal biology by taking an evolutionary approach to examine how animals and plants adapt to the environment, to study structure and functions by examining both animal and plant physiology and to integrate this knowledge with laboratories that run parallel with the lectures. 4 Cr. Every Semester. 4 Cr. Every Semester.
BIO 221 Survey of Anatomy and Physiology (A,L). Credit not applicable to the major in biology. Surveys human anatomy and physiology, encompassing structure and function of skeletal, muscular, nervous, cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Presents development and integration of these units as a basis for understanding the anatomical and physiological aspects of humans at rest and during activity. Includes a lab. 4 Cr. Every Semester. 4 Cr. Every Semester.
BIO 281 Elements of Human Biology (A,N). Credit not applicable to the major in biology. Provides an introduction for non-majors to the human organism-structure, physiology, metabolism, behavior, genetics, evolution and ecological relationships. Addresses important issues in health and human disease as well as current societal and ethical issues in readings, lectures and classroom discussions. 3 Cr. 3 Cr.
BIO 285 Biology of Aging (A,N,Y). Credit not applicable to the major in biology. Covers mechanisms of aging at the physiological, cellular, and molecular levels. Examines physiological changes associated with human aging. Discusses aging as a disease and age-related diseases. Studies of aging in model organisms are used to provide insights into mechanisms of human aging. Covers treatments of aging, both bogus and bona fide that claim to decrease aging and increase longevity. While this course covers the biology of aging, various social, political, and ethical issues concerning aging will be covered. 3 Cr. 3 Cr.
BIO 290 Introduction to Honors Research (A). Provides an introduction to scientific research laboratory and the scientific method. Cellular and molecular techniques will be introduced in the context of a developing thesis proposal. Six hours per week is to be arranged with the faculty mentor. Only students with fewer than 54 college credits may register. 2 Cr. 2 Cr. Every Semester.
BIO 301 Cell Biology (A). Prerequisites: BIO 201, BIO 202, CHM 205 and CHM 206. Covers cellular functions and structures and the interrelationship between them. Laboratory illustrates and reinforces principles covered in lecture. Covers techniques, including cell culture, light/fluorescence microscopy, subcellular fractionation, transfection, and protein isolation and analysis. 4 Cr. 4 Cr.
BIO 302 Genetics (A). BIO 302 Genetics (A). Prerequisites: BIO 201, BIO 202 and CHM 205, CHM 206. Recommended corequisite: CHM 305. A study of the principles and mechanisms of heredity, and the gene as the basis of inherited variation. Course topics include Mendelian transmission genetics, as well as molecular aspects of gene replication and gene expression. Covers selected topics in genetic regulation, mutation and repair, bacterial and eukaryotic gene mapping, genetic and recombinant DNA techniques as well as population genetics. Laboratory experiments illustrate the above principles. Experiments include basic techniques in DNA isolation and restriction enzyme analysis, gene and chromosome segregation, gene expression, mutagenesis and repair, DNA fingerprinting, and bioinformatics. 4 Cr. Fall. 4 Cr.
BIO 303 Ecology (A,Y). Cross-listed as ENV 303. Prerequisites: BIO 111 or BIO 202. Ecology addresses interrelationships among organisms and the physical environment. Considers energy flow, nutrient cycling, population and community dynamics, principles of animal behavior, and natural history in lecture, laboratory and field study. 4 Cr. 4 Cr.
BIO 305 Comparative Physiology (A). Prerequisites: either BIO 201 or BIO 202; CHM 205 and CHM 206. Takes a comparative and experimental approach to understanding how living organisms function. Examines fundamental but selective aspects of physiology, including homeostatic energy balance, metabolism, water and salt regulation, respiration, locomotion, adaptation to altitude/diving, and nervous and endocrine integration. 4 Cr.
BIO 317 Biology of Aging (A). Introduces the study of aging in the human and a number of other animals at the molecular, cell, tissue and organ level to understand what is meant by aging and how it is measured. Includes effects of genetic composition, sex differences and other factors. 3 Cr.
BIO 321 Anatomy and Physiology I (A). Prerequisites: BIO 111 or BIO 201 or BIO 221. Studies the structure and function of cells, tissues and organs with examples drawn from the human body. Introduces students to the anatomy and physiology of the skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine and integumentary systems of the body through lectures and laboratories. (BIO 321 and 322 are recommended to be taken in sequence). Fall. 4 Cr. Fall.
BIO 322 Anatomy and Physiology II (A). Prerequisites: BIO 111 or BIO 202 or BIO 221. Introduces students to the anatomy and physiology of circulatory, excretory, respiratory, digestive and reproductive systems of the human body through lectures and laboratories. (BIO 321 and 322 are recommended to be taken in sequence). 4 Cr. Spring. 4 Cr.
BIO 323 Microbiology (A). Prerequisites: BIO 111 or BIO 201, AND CHM 205 or CHM 260. Provides lectures concerned with the structure, function, diversity, and control of microorganisms, including metabolism, growth and regulation, microbial genetics, disease, and immunology. Provides lab experiences in techniques of pure culture, cultivation, enumeration, isolation and characterization of microorganisms. 4 Cr. Fall. 4 Cr.
BIO 333 Contemporary Issues in Life Science (A,I). Credit not applicable to the major in biological sciences. What is life? When does human life begin? How do genes control life processes? Is it natural/ ethical to alter the genetic makeup of species, including humans? What drives pharmaceutical companies and drug development? Explores controversial issues raised by modern biotechnology. Reviews background information for identifying, understanding, and analyzing critical issues facing the life sciences. 3 Cr. 3 Cr. Fall.
BIO 345 Histology (A). Prerequisite: BIO 202. Studies the microanatomy of animal tissue and organs with emphasis on functional correlations. Includes lab examinations of prepared slides and fresh materials, as well as normal and pathological tissues. 4 Cr. Spring.
BIO 404 Developmental Biology (A). Prerequisites BIO 301 and BIO 302. Provides a comprehensive one-semester survey of the mechanisms of animal development through lectures and laboratory exercises. Lectures cover historical approaches, contemporary research, and links between evolution and development. Laboratories examine embryonic development of sea urchin, chick, and fruit fly. 4 Cr. Fall. 4 Cr. Fall.
BIO 411 Evolution (A). Prerequisite: BIO 302. Commences with a review of philosophical and factual basis of evolutionary biology. Examines the physiochemical background for the evolution of life, mechanisms of evolution, population genetics, phylogeny, speciation, and consequences of the evolution of populations of living organisms. 3 Cr. 3 Cr.
BIO 413 How Plants Work (A). Prerequisites: BIO301. Fundamentals of plant growth, development, structure, and response to the environment. Covers all aspects of the mechanisms plant structure and function, especially those features that differentiate plants from other organisms. An integrated lab focuses on key features of plants and their physiology. 3 Cr. Fall. 3 Cr. Fall.
BIO 414 Immunology (A). Prerequisite or corequisite: BIO 301. Emphasizes aspects of immunology, including the structure and function of immunoglobulins, the role of cell-mediated immunity, the protective role of the immune system, and disease and injury as related to malfunctions of the immune system. 3 Cr. Spring semester. 3 Cr.
BIO 415 Molecular Biology (A). Prerequisites: BIO 301, BIO 302 and CHM 305. Covers the biosynthesis and function of macromolecules, especially nucleic acids. Includes topics in regulation, molecular virology, DNA mutation and transposition, and DNA repair. 3 Cr. Spring. 3 Cr. Spring.
BIO 417 Recombinant Dna Laboratory (A). Prerequisites: BIO 302 and CHM 305. Covers laboratory methods involved in the construction of a genomic DNA library and the creation of recombinant DNA molecules. Standard molecular biology techniques such as plasmid and genomic DNA isolation, bacterial growth and selection techniques, gene isolation and detection, DNA ligation, restriction analysis, bioinformatics, and PCR methods will be utilized. 3 Cr. Spring. 3 Cr. Fall.
BIO 420 Mechanisms of Aging (A). Prerequisites BIO 301 and BIO 302. Covers mechanisms of aging at the physiological, cellular and molecular levels. Discusses aging as a disease that can be treated and prevented. Studies of aging in model organisms are used to provide insights into mechanisms of human aging. The evolution of aging mechanisms also is discussed. 3 Cr. 3 Cr. Fall.
BIO 422 Human Physiology (A). Essential physiological concepts will be used to further the understanding of how the human body functions. Emphasis is placed on providing an integrated explanation of the regulation and function of key organ systems such as nervous, circulatory, respiratory, gastrointestinal, endocrine and urinary systems. Includes a lab illustrating concepts covered in lecture. Recommended for biology majors. 4 Cr. Spring.
BIO 423 General Microbiology (A). Prerequisites: BIO 301 AND BIO302. This course aimed at Biology majors provides lectures concerned with the structure, function, diversity, and control of microorganisms, including metabolism, growth and regulation, microbial genetics, disease, immunology, and microbial ecology. Provides lab experiences in techniques of pure culture, cultivation, enumeration, as well as isolation and characterization of diverse microorganisms such as bacteria, fungi, viruses from various sources such as food, environment, water. 3 Cr. Spring semester. 3 Cr.
BIO 424 Experimental Research (A). Prerequisites: Junior status and instructor's permission. Under the supervision of a faculty member in biology, allows the student to undertake a lab research project in some area of biological science. Establishes the topic and methodology by mutual consent of the student and faculty member. Requires all students enrolled to meet together with the involved faculty once a week to discuss the background, methods and results of their projects. Encourages students to present their results at Scholars Day. May be repeated; a maximum of six credits from a combination of BIO 424, BIO 493, and BIO 499 may be applied toward the major in Biology or Medical Technology. 1-3 Cr. 1-4 Cr.
BIO 426 Recombinant Dna (A). Prerequisite: BIO 302 and CHM 305. Considers theory and techniques in the recombinant DNA field. Includes topics such as cloning vectors, restriction analysis, PCR methods, and expression of cloned genes in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Also considers examples and implications of recombinant DNA methodology in plants and agriculture as well as in medicine, human genetics and disease. 3 Cr. 3 Cr. Fall.
BIO 455 Neurophysiology (A). Prerequisites BIO 301 and CHM 206. Introduction to neurophysiology emphasizing cellular and molecular processes. Biophysical properties and mechanisms used by neurons to code, process, propagate, and transmit information are examined. Neuronal function at the qualitative and quantitative level is covered. Students will quantify the effects of ionic gradients on the resting membrane potential of a neuron, describe its role in neuronal function, and will relate this to general effects on the human nervous system. Current techniques, including electrophysiology and microscopy, will be covered. 3 Cr. 3 Cr. Even Spring.
BIO 456 Systems Physiology (A). An inquiry-based course providing experience in an authentic research project. Student teams will develop a testable hypothesis, design and perform experiments, and prepare a final presentation. Physiological mechanisms will be examined at the molecular and whole animal levels. Coordinated responses to environmental pressure may be examined. The primary goal is to develop understand of the research process and of physiological control mechanisms. 3 Cr. Fall.
BIO 466 General Endocrinology (A). Prerequisite: BIO 301. Explores the relationship between hormone action at the level of the cell and resulting physiological responses such as the regulation of growth, metabolic and reproductive processes. Mechanism of action at cell and molecular levels is emphasized. The pathophysiology of hormone-based disease is used to illustrate concepts. 3 Cr. 3 Cr.
BIO 467 Biochemistry I (A). Cross-listed as CHM 467. Prerequisite: CHM 306. A college biology course is strongly recommended. Covers the chemistry of proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acids and other biomolecules with an emphasis on buffers, structures, experimental methods, main energy production pathways and biosynthesis. Applies concepts and information to experimental data and deduction of structures, functional roles and mechanisms. Three hours lecture per week. 3 Cr. 3 Cr.
BIO 468 Biochemistry II (A). Cross-listed as CHM 468. Prerequisites: BIO 467 or CHM 467. Provides a continuation of BIO 467. Covers additional metabolic pathways, human nutrition, chromosomes and genes, protein biosynthesis, cell walls, immunoglobulins, muscle contraction, cell motility, membrane transport and excitable membranes and sensory systems. Investigates experimental evidence for the structures and functions of biomolecules. 3 Cr. 3 Cr.
BIO 470 Biochemistry Laboratory (A). Course fee. Cross-listed as CHM 470. Prerequisites: BIO 467 or CHM 467. Covers biochemical analyses, including preparation, separations and characterization of products from a variety of biological sources; and experiments with enzymes and experiments designed to measure changes inherent in the dynamics of living systems. 1 Cr. 1 Cr.
BIO 475 Cancer Biology (A). Prerequisites BIO 301 and BIO 302. Focuses on the biology of cancer commencing with an epidemiological overview of the major human cancers, followed by a discussion of the major causes, progression, identification, prevention, and treatments of those cancers. Emphasizes the molecular mechanisms behind the development of cancer, as well as those being targeted for pharmacological treatments. Includes a discussion of the latest medical advances. 3 Cr. 3 Cr.
BIO 480 Genomes and Proteomes in Biomedicine (A). Prerequisites BIO 301 and BIO 302. Provides a comprehensive look at how the Human Genome Project was organized and completed and how this monumental event has changed how we approach biomedical issues. Topics include how genomes evolved, genomic variation, DNA microarrays and related technologies, proteomics and understanding diseases, ethical considerations and the role of bioinformatics in biology today. Two one-hour lectures, and a one-hour computer lab/week. 3 Cr. 3 Cr.
BIO 481 Medical Technology I (A). Provides training through Rochester General Hospital's School of Medical Technology or Women's Christian Association Hospital School of Medical Technology in Jamestown, NY. Teaches several areas under this name that include: Blood Bank, Biochemistry, Hematology, Microbiology, Urinalysis, Mechanisms of Disease, and Independent Research Projects. For admission into this course, students must contact the department chair or the Coordinator of Medical Technology in Lennon Hall nine months prior to the course. 15 Cr. 15 Cr.
BIO 482 Medical Technology II (A). Provides training through Rochester General Hospital’s School of Medical Technology or Women's Christian Association Hospital School of Medical Technology in Jamestown, NY. Teaches several areas under this name that include: Blood Bank, Biochemistry, Hematology, Microbiology, Urinalysis, Mechanisms of Disease, and Independent Research Projects. For admission into this course, students must contact the department chair or the Coordinator of Medical Technology in Lennon Hall nine months prior to the course. 15 Cr. 15 Cr.
BIO 489 Memory, Self and the Brain (A). Prerequisites: BIO 301 and BIO 302. Fosters the understanding that the brain is the basis of our thoughts, feelings, actions and sense of selves. Advances the idea that brain development and synapse formation play a major role in defining who we are. 3 Cr. 3 Cr. Spring.
BIO 491 Biological Sciences Overseas Program (A). Prerequisite: Departmental approval. Requires students to attend classes in the biological sciences and/or related areas at the participating overseas university. 1-15 Cr. 1-15 Cr.
BIO 493 Honors Research (A). Provides an independent research experience for Honors Students in Biology with a faculty member. Up to nine hours per week (3hr/Cr.) is to be arranged with the faculty mentor. Juniors and Seniors only or departmental permission. May be repeated, but only 6 credits can be applied towards the major in Biology. Requires prior approval of the faculty mentor. 1-3 Cr. Every Semester. 1-3 Cr. Every Semester.
BIO 495 Topics in Biology (A). To be defined by the instructor-sponsor in accordance with the specific topic to be covered that semester. Additional information may be obtained from the department office. 1-4 Cr. 1-4 Cr.
BIO 497 Honors Thesis (A). The Honors Research Project culminates in a written Honors Thesis to be presented at Scholar’s Day or another appropriate scientific forum. The thesis must be approved by the Honors Coordinator and College Honors Program designee. Students must have obtained an overall GPA and a GPA in the major of 3.25 or higher in order to register. A minimum grade of B must be obtained to receive Departmental Honors. 1 Cr. Every Semester. 1 Cr. Every Semester.
BIO 498 Seminar (A). Prerequisite: Senior status and a major in Biology. Provides an opportunity to research a topic and organize and present a seminar on the topic. Provides experience in scientific communication including oral and written forms. 1 Cr. 1 Cr.
BIO 499 Independent Study in Biology (A). Prerequisite: Instructor's permission. To be defined in consultation with the instructor-sponsor and in accordance with the procedures of the Office of Academic Advisement prior to registration. 1-3 Cr. 1-4 Cr.