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2012 Master's Level Graduate Research Conference

Session I - Session II - Session III - Session IV

Conceptualization of HIV Prevention in Social Work

Purpose: This study reviews articles in social work literature from 2009 to 2011 to determine important trends in HIV prevention such as what populations are being targeted, what risk factors are being addressed, and what theories underpin interventions. Salient themes in the literature are also discussed. This study is an inventory of what social workers are currently doing and not doing in HIV prevention. The inventory is an important first step in addressing what is missing in prevention that leaves so many at risk for contracting HIV. Method: A combination of Directed Content Analysis and open coding procedures are used. In the Directed Content Analysis, the researchers ask and answer specific questions such as “What percentage of articles address prevention by implementing interventions with those already living with HIV/AIDS?” The questions are based on the researchers’ literature review of the most important characteristics of successful HIV prevention interventions. The researchers then use open coding and conduct a thematic analysis of the open coded data. Findings: Some themes include the importance and usefulness of cultural competency and the need for interventions that address macro-level issues, such as poverty, rather than target individual risk behaviors. Areas that are lacking include a dearth of interventions that work with people already living with HIV/AIDS, little use of information technology as part of interventions, and a lack of research on specific minority populations. Implications: The researchers discuss the areas that are lacking and use this discussion to point to the future direction of HIV prevention in the social work field. Research conducted with Scott Chatham.

Presenter: Meng Simone Si (College at Brockport and Nazareth College) --
Topic: Social Work/Public Health/Nursing - Panel
Location: 127 Hartwell
Time: 3:35 pm (Session IV)