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Brockport / Health Center / Common Ailments / Flu

Flu

 What is the flu?

  • Influenza, commonly called the flu, is a viral respiratory infection
  • There are a number of different strains of flu.
  • It is estimated that 10 – 20 % of Americans will contract the flu each year.
  • The typical flu season lasts from November to March.
  • The flu almost never causes symptoms in the stomach. When someone says (s)he has the stomach flu, it is not influenza.
  • Symptoms usually begin 1 – 4 days after you have become infected with the flu.
  • You can spread the flu before you even know you have it.
  • You continue to be contagious for 3 – 4 days after your symptoms begin.

Symptoms

  • Body aches
  • Chills
  • Dry cough
  • Fever (usually 102 – 104 F)
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Stuffy nose

Diagnosis

  • Most of the time people are diagnosed with influenza based on symptoms.
  • There is a laboratory test that can be done if it is necessary.

Prevention

  • The flu vaccine that is available in the fall can help prevent or minimize an episode of the flu.
  • Support your immune system by eating healthy foods and getting enough rest.
  • Wash your hands frequently.
  • Avoid areas where there are people who are ill. Don’t go hang out with a group of friends who all have the flu.)

Treatment

  • Rest
  • Take over the counter medicines like Tylenol or Advil to help ease your discomfort.
  • Drink plenty of fluids.
  • There are some anti-viral medicines that can be taken to promote your recovery. Antibiotics will not be helpful in recovering from the flu.

Potential Complications

  • Bronchitis
  • Pneumonia

Is it a cold or the flu?

Symptoms

Cold

Flu

Fever

Mild

Usually high,102–104; lasts 3–4 days

Headache

Rare

Prominent

Body aches

Mild

Often Severe

Fatigue, weakness

Mild

Usual, lasts up to 2 – 3 weeks

Extreme exhaustion

Never

Prominent early

Stuffy nose

Common

Occasional

Sneezing

Usual

Occasional

Sore Throat

Common

Occasional

Chest discomfort, cough

Mild to moderate, hacking cough

Common, often severe



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Last Updated 5/21/12

Events

It's FLU SHOT Season!
Students get a FREE 
flu shot in the 
UNION
BALLROOM:

Wed. 9/24, 11 am-2 pm
Thur. 9/25, 1-4 pm
Wed. 10/1, 4-7 pm

Stay healthy this winter:

  • eat balanced meals

  • get adequate sleep

  • good hand washing

  • manage stress levels

We are here for you if you need us!

Your Health Center Staff