Payment to research participants may be made as an incentive to participate. Payment should not be considered as a benefit of the study, but rather as compensation for volunteering of time. The remuneration should not be so substantial that a potential participant feels s/he must participate in the study. All participants must be provided equal payment and/or equal opportunity for rewards. Recruitment publicity may mention but not emphasize the payment. The IRB must determine whether the nature, amount and method of payment are appropriate and do not constitute undue inducement for participation. There is more information about paying participants on the IRB website. If payments exceed $600 per calendar year the IRB requires the Research Foundation of SUNY report these payments annually to the IRS. Identifying information (name, address and social security number) must be reported by law.
The consent form must include the following:
The attached article is reprinted with permission from the IRB Advisor Newsletter, September 2008 edition. It contains options for paying participants in research studies. This article provides a variety of options for consideration based upon the unique needs of your research. Please note that the College at Brockport IRB does not offer any recommendation to researchers regarding this issue.