The purpose of this meta-analysis was to investigate the effectiveness of complementary and alternative therapy among adults with chronic pain. The population studied were people with chronic pain, defined in this study as pain lasting longer than three months. The population was broken down into four subgroups: pharmacology therapy only, pharmacology and complimentary therapies, alternative medicine only and complimentary and alternative therapies (no pharmacology). The literature review consisted of fifteen articles, all of which were clinical studies. Using eligibility criteria all articles reviewed were coded and an inter-rater reliability was performed. The literature meeting the criteria consisted of fifteen articles, all of which were clinical studies. A careful review of the literature revealed that in the majority of situations, complementary and alternative thereapies are used in conjunction with pharmacological therapy. The most often used complementary therapies were chiropractic, acupuncture, massage, nutrition, and mind-body techniques. The three classes of drugs used most oftn with these therapies were NSAID's, opioids, and antidepressants. The evidence showed that multidisciplinary therapies were more widely practiced and accepted outside of the United States. The majoirty of the research studies were conducted in the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia. The data suggests that most healthcare providers in the United States are either uniformed about complimentary therapies or feel that the effectiveness of these therapies are not medically supported. Recommendations for future studies would be to explore why CAM therapies are not widely practiced or taught in American medical schools.
|Presenters:||Melissa Bowman (Undergraduate Student)
Kristeen Messore (Undergraduate Student)
|Time:||11:15 am (Session II)|