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Scholars Day 2007, Wednesday, April 11

A Comparison of Training Procedures for People with Developmental Disabilities: Past Research

Two training methods were compared in this study to determine the most effective way to teach simple skills to children with developmental disabilities. Preference-Based teaching, and Interspersal Training methods were compared. Preference-Based Teaching involves alternating five minute training periods with presentation of a student preferred activity for three minutes. This teaching method was designed to try to make learning more enjoyable for the student. Interspersal Training involves alternating tasks that are known to the student or that he or she can do and tasks that are unknown to the student. Tasks that are performed correctly result in an immediate reward such that when using an Interspersal Training method there is a high rate of rewards delivered to the child. In this study the researchers looked at acquisition, retention, and generalization for specific tasks taught to two students (N=2) who are blind as well as developmentally disabled. The participantís resistance behaviors and emotions during training were also recorded. For both children no differences in the dependent measures have been found between these training procedures thus far.

Presenters: Angela Bermudez (Undergraduate Student)
Kristen Paulson (Undergraduate Student)
Topic: Psychology
Location: 107 Holmes
Time: 9:45 am (Session I)

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