Previous research has demonstrated that punishers are effective at altering behavior; however, little research has examined the effects of time-outs on learning. Therefore the present study examined how the magnitude of time-out following incorrect responses affected the ability of adults to learn simple visual discriminations. Sixty-four college students were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 groups that received a 0, 5, 10, or 20 sec time-out duration following an incorrect response. Each participant completed a simple visual discrimination task in which the participant attempted to determine and then remember the correct response for each of 8 different visual stimuli. The results indicated that time-out was effective at enhancing performance even when reinforcers for correct responses were used; however, the effectiveness was dependent on the duration of the time-out. These results demonstrate that punishers are effective at enhancing performance and time out is an effective form of punishment.
|Presenter:||Forrest Mengs (Undergraduate Student)|
|Time:||2:30 pm (Session IV)|