A literature review of different counseling methods for individuals with a diagnosis of mental retardation (MR) or autism was conducted. The theories of self-efficacy and cognitive-development explain the onset of inappropriate behaviors in individuals facing these developmental disabilities. Three types of counseling methods have been used with these populations: behavior therapy, play therapy, and a psychodynamic approach. The conclusions of the review are that many individuals facing mental retardation or autism do benefit from counseling, and that there is a need for additional research about the effectiveness of different counseling methods with these populations.
|Presenters:||Lindsay Rachow (Graduate Student)
Yao-Szu Tsou (Graduate Student)
Janalee Weaver (Graduate Student)
|Location:||Fireside Lounge, Seymour Union|
|Time:||3:45 pm (Session V)|