This presentation will give a brief history of the coffee industry. Emphasis will be placed on labor practices, including the exploitation of small farmers by large landholders, the conditions under which agricultural workers work during the harvest, and the low wages these workers receive. In addition, an explanation of the Fair Trade movement will be given and how it attempts to improve the lives of agricultural workers through a guaranteed price paid to farmers to protect them from market fluctuations in the price of coffee and the promotion of sustainable farming methods. Focus will be placed on Central America, in particular El Salvador, to show why a program such as Fair Trade is needed and also Nicaragua, to illustrate the success of this initiative.
|Presenter:||Apostolos Hatzigiannidis (Undergraduate Student)|
|Topic:||Foreign Languages & Literatures|
|Time:||1:35 pm (Session III)|