With a successful revolt against the Ottoman Empire, and the establishment of their independence from foreign rule, Greece rejoined European civilization for the first time since 1453. The contest over Greek identity, however, was only beginning and was waged by four cultural “isms” of the early 19th century. Orientalism, Romanticism, Philhellensim, and Nationalism each exerted influence over the Greeks and affected not only how they perceived themselves, but perhaps more importantly, how Europe perceived Greece. Further complicating the issue, antiquity and history presented challenges to those forging a Modern Greek nation and forced both Greece and Europe to address imperative issues of Greek national identity. For Europe, Greece needed to be ancient, philosophical, and pure. For Greece, a national identity needed to overtake regional identity. Greek independence had yet to be won.
|Presenter:||Vassilios Pinopoulos (Faculty)|
|Time:||1:50 pm (Session III)|