Phrenology, based on Greek physiognomy, became a functioning science in the 19th century. The Fowler's press acted as a reform platform, expanding self-knowledge and the self-help genre. Victorians valued self-control and self-knowledge. Phrenology, through lectures and pamphlets in conjunction with busts, provided a sure method of learning about one's self and others. Phrenology helped individuals to better understand themselves and their place in the rapidly-changing world. Historians at first treated phrenology as a curiosity, a pseudoscience that served to highlight the shortcomings of scientifically-minded Victorians who saw science and nature everywhere, even in the bumps on their skulls. Phrenology effected the development of criminology, and other neurosciences and psychology.
|Presenter:||Brittany Welch (Graduate Student)|
|Time:||2:30 pm Session IV|