In 1942, President Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, directly resulting in the internment of 120,000 Japanese Americans on the West Coast for three years. While public opinion helped cultivate the ostracism of Japanese Americans, President Roosevelt initiated this separation through the Order. Hysteria was perpetuated through laws created by the Legislative branch and military orders, but more so through decisions of the Supreme Court. Under the guise of “military necessity,” all three branches of government fell victim to and perpetuated the vicious circle of fear mongering that charged that those of Japanese ancestry in the United States with secretly conspiring against the country. Thus their loyalty was automatically in question due to the attack on Pearl Harbor. The Supreme Court denied its most basic responsibility of establishing justice where it may be in question, and failed 120,000 Japanese Americans in three separate Supreme Court cases.
|Presenter:||Stephen Owen (Undergraduate Student)|
|Time:||10:45 am (Session II)
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