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Undergraduate Studies Catalog (1999-2001)


Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies

23 Hartwell Hall
(716) 395-2643

Chairperson: Brian J. Mihalik; Professor: David L. Jewell; Assistant Professors: Karen Bibbins, Joel L. Frater, Susan "Boon" Murray; Lecturer: Nancy Ballaron; Adjunct Lecturers: Kirt Compton, Arthur Graham, Mary Betty Monahan.

Recreation and leisure is one of the most exciting and diverse human service professions. The field provides opportunities to work with all types of people in a variety of settings, addressing the potential and problems of leisure in modern society. Students studying recreation management will qualify for employment in a variety of settings including military, public, private, campus, commercial, tourism, and corporate-sector recreation. Students studying therapeutic recreation will qualify for employment in clinical, transitional, and community settings, such as hospitals; nursing homes; schools or residential centers; treatment centers; centers for physical medicine and rehabilitation; psychiatric institutions; and public, private and volunteer agencies. The management and therapeutic recreation emphases provide students with academic and experiential opportunities that foster an exciting undergraduate experience and a challenging professional opportunity.

The Recreation and Leisure Studies faculty has a professional obligation to deny admission or continuation in the program to any student whose level of performance and/or personal characteristics do not adequately meet academic, professional or ethical standards.

Effective fall semester, 1996 new or returning majors who did not receive an authorized leave of absence from the College must earn a "C" or better grade in REL core courses and the REL emphasis courses in order to satisfactorily complete the REL major and to be eligible for REL 403: Practicum. Also, only courses for which a "C" or better was earned will be considered for transfer into the program towards satisfaction of the major requirements.

Major in Recreation and Leisure Studies

To qualify for the major in recreation and leisure studies, students must complete 32.5 credits of core coursework, nine credits in an emphasis (either recreation management or therapeutic recreation), 18 credits of guided liberal arts, and a practicum experience (15 credits). Specific requirements are as follows:

Required Core Coursework (32.5 credits) Credits
HST 330 History of Recreation and Leisure 3
or
PES 350 History of Sport, Play and Exercise
REL 302 Leisure and the Individual and Society 3
REL 306 Recreation for Persons with Differing Abilities 3
REL 307 Applied Studies in Recreation and Leisure 3
REL 308 Recreation Programming 3
REL 312 Management of Recreation and Leisure Services 3
REL 395 Leadership for Recreation and Leisure 4
REL 402 Current Leisure Problems and Issues 3
REL 410 Research and Evaluation in Recreation 3
and Leisure Studies
REL 414 Planning, Design, and Management of 3
Recreation and Leisure Facilities
PRO 421-426 Field Experience I-VI (one section as
REL 306 corequisite) 1.5

Total: 32.5

Recreation Management Emphasis (9 credits)

The recreation management emphasis prepares students for professional positions in the public and private sectors, corporate recreation, commercial recreation, and tourism. Students pursuing this emphasis must complete nine credits from the following:

Credits
REL 411 Management of Leisure Resources 3
Plus any two of the following three courses:
REL 303 Leisure in the Corporate Sector or 3
REL 313 Commercial Recreation or 3
REL 314 Principles of Tourism 3

Total: 9

Guided Liberal Arts for Recreation Management (minimum of 18 credits)

Students must complete at least one course from each of the following areas, or an advisor approved substitute. (Note: prerequisite and corequisite requirements.)

Group I
One of the following courses:
BUS 335 (A) Principles of Marketing 3
BUS 365 (A) Principles of Management 3
BUS 366 (A) Organizational Behavior 3

Group II
One of the following courses:
CMC 201 (A) Public Speaking 3
CMC 219 (A,H) Advertising, Mass Persuasion and the Consumer 3
CMC 224 (A) Newswriting and Reporting 3
CMC 312 (A) Argumentation and Debate 3
CMC 316 (A) Interpersonal Communication in Business and the Professions 3

Group III
One of the following courses:
ECN 204 (A) Introduction to Statistics 3
MTH 243 (A) Elementary Statistics 3
PLS 300 (A,T) Political Statistics 4
PSH 202 (A) Introductory Statistics for Psychology 3
SOC 200 (A,T) Social Statistics 3

Group IV
One of the following courses:
HLS 301 (A) Health Behavior and Wellness 3
HLS 311 (A) Nutrition 3
HLS 409 (A) Psychoactive Substance Use and Abuse 3
HLS 426 (A) HIV/AIDS : Issues and Implications 3
HLS 471 (A) Childhood and Adolescent Stress 3
PES 310 (A) Physiology of Exercise 3
PES 320 (A) Kinesiology 3

Group V
One of the following courses:
PSH 436 (A) Psychology of Aging 3
REL 372 (A,I) Child Abuse: Causes, Costs and Confrontation 3
REL 406 (A,I) Leisure and Aging 3
SOC 465 (A) Sociology of Aging 3

Group VI
One of the following courses:
BUS 375 (A) Business Law I 3
PLS 312 (A) Public Administration 3
PLS 318 (A) State and Local Government 3
PLS 320 (A) Law and the Legal Process 3

Therapeutic Recreation Emphasis (9 credits)
The therapeutic recreation emphasis prepares students for positions as therapeutic recreation specialists in clinical, transitional and community settings. Students pursuing this emphasis must complete the following three courses:

REL 405 Philosophy and Theory of Therapeutic Recreation 3
REL 407 Methods of Therapeutic Recreation
(Prerequisite: REL 405) 3
REL 412 Issues and Trends in Therapeutic Recreation 3

Total: 9

Guided Liberal Arts for Therapeutic Recreation (minimum of 18 credits) Students must complete at least one course from Groups I and II, both courses in Group III, and two courses from Groups IV, V, VI (total of 18 credits). Both courses are required in Group III in order to meet National Council on Therapeutic Recreation Certification requirements.

Group I: Biological/Physical Sciences
BIO 221 (A,L) Survey of Anatomy and Physiology 3
BIO 321 (A) Survey of Anatomy and Physiology 4

Group II: Analytical Skills
ECN 204 (A) Introduction to Statistics 3
MTH 243 (A) Elementary Statistics 3
PLS 300 (A,T) Political Statistics 4
PSH 202 (A) Introductory Statistics for Psychology 3
SOC 200 (A,T) Social Statistics 3

Group III: Psychology
PSH 334 (A) Abnormal Psychology 3
PSH 384 (A) Developmental Psychology 3

Only one course may be taken from each of the following groups.

Group IV: Human Services
ANT 313 (A,I,W) Culture and Disability 3
SWO 379 (A,I) People with Disability: Issues, Legislation, and Intervention 3
PLS 435 (A) Legal Rights of the Disadvantaged 3

Group V: Sociology
SOC 300 (A) Sociological Theory 3
SOC 317 (A) Prejudice, Personality and Culture 3
SOC 331 (A) Sociology of Mental Illness 3
SOC 361 (A,W) Sociology of Sex, Marriage and the Family 3
SOC 371 (A) Deviant Behavior 3
SOC 428 (A) Racial and Ethnic Relations 3

Group VI: Human Sciences
BIO 281 (A) Elements of Human Biology 3
EDI 325 (A) Understanding the Exceptional Learner 3
PSH 436 (A) Psychology of Aging 3

Practicum Experience Requirement (15 credits)
All students majoring in recreation and leisure studies must complete a practicum experience. The practicum is usually completed during the fall or spring semester of the senior year.

REL 403 Practicum (Prerequisite: REL 307 for 200 clock hours or 15 REL 307 for 180 hours combined with REL 421-426, totaling 200 clock hours.)

Minor in Recreation and Leisure Studies

The minor in recreation and leisure studies is designed for the student whose work is likely to call for understanding of and skill in coping with leisure and recreational implications of extended life expectancies, retirement, the needs of citizens with disabilities, high technology, and the changing family structure. Nineteen credits of course work must be completed as follows:

Required Courses: (19 Credits) Credits
REL 302 Leisure and the Individual and Society 3
REL 312 Management of Recreation and Leisure Services 3
REL 395 Leadership for Recreation and Leisure 4

Six credits from one of the following interest area pairs:
REL 307 Applied Studies in Recreation and Leisure 3
or
REL 313 Commercial Recreation 3
REL 314 Principles of Tourism 3
REL 307 Applied Studies in Recreation and Leisure 3
or
REL 405 Philosophy and Theory of Therapeutic Recreation 3
REL 307 Applied Studies in Recreation and Leisure 3
or
REL 414 Planning, Design, and Management of
Recreation and Leisure Facilities 3
REL 307 Applied Studies in Recreation and Leisure 3
Three credits selected from the following:
Any 300- or 400-level REL course
(except REL 403 or 499) 3
or

HST 330 History of Recreation and Leisure 3

Total: 19

NOTE: Courses taken on a Pass/Fail basis may not count toward completion of the minor.

Double Major in Health Science and Recreation and Leisure Studies

The double major in health science and recreation and leisure studies is for students interested in working in community, corporate, government, and military settings that offer recreation and wellness programs. To successfully complete the double major in Liberal Arts-Health Science and Recreation and Leisure Studies-Management, students must complete 28 credits of REL core course work, plus 18-19.5 credits of practica, nine credits in the REL specialization, and 30 credits from the Health Science required and by advisement "elective" courses. Plus, 12 credits of guided liberal arts by advisement "elective" courses. The specific requirements for this program are:

REL Core (28 credits) Credits
REL 302 Leisure and the Individual and Society 3
REL 306 Recreation for Persons with Differing Abilities 3
REL 308 Recreation Programming 3
REL 312 Management of Recreation and Leisure Services 3
HST 330 History of Recreation and Leisure 3
or
PES 350 History of Sport, Play, and Exercise 3
REL 395 Leadership for Recreation and Leisure 4
REL 402 Current Leisure Problems and Issues 3
REL 414 Planning, Design, and Management of Recreation and Leisure Facilities 3

28

REL Practica (18-19.5 credits)

REL 307, PRO 421-426 (totaling 200 hours) 3-4.5
REL 403 Practicum 15

18-19.5

REL Specialization
REL 411 Management of Leisure Resources 3
Plus six credits from two of the following:
REL 303 Leisure in the Corporate Sector 3
REL 313 Commercial Recreation 3
REL 314 Principles of Tourism 3
REL 410 Research and Evaluation in Recreation and Leisure 3
Studies (Prerequisite: Introductory Statistics)

HLS Required Courses (30 credits)
HLS 301 Health Behavior and Wellness 3
HLS 306 Contemporary Issues in Health 3
or
HLS 307 Consumer Issues in Health Care 3
Plus 24 credits from eight of the following:
HLS 303 Environmental Health 3
HLS 304 Safety, First Aid and CPR 3
HLS 311 Nutrition 3
HLS 314 Family Life Science 3
HLS 409 Psychoactive Substance Use and Abuse 3
or
HLS 418 Alcohol Use and Abuse 3
HLS 419 Human Sexuality 3
HLS 426 HIV/AIDS: Issues and Implications 3
HLS 470 Health Implications of Stress 3
or
HLS 471 Childhood and Adolescent Stress 3

Guided Liberal Arts Electives (12 Credits)
The 12 guided liberal arts electives are selected by the student and faculty advisor. Completion of these guided electives will ensure that students meet the goals of the double major, including fulfillment of course requirements for a Liberal Arts major in Health Science and Recreation and Leisure Studies-Management.

The following are required, or students may select an advisor-approved substitute (students and advisor should note prerequisite and corequisite requirements).

Group I
One of the following courses:
BUS 335 Principles of Marketing 3
BUS 365 Principles of Management 3
BUS 366 Organizational Behavior 3

Group II
One of the following courses:
CMC 201 Public Speaking 3
CMC 224 Newswriting and Reporting 3
CMC 316 Interpersonal Communication in Business and the Professions 3
CMC 319 Propaganda and Persuasion 3
CMC 312 Argumentation and Debate 3

Group III
One of the following courses:
REL 406 Leisure and Aging 3
SOC 465 Sociology of Aging 3
PSH 436 Psychology of Aging 3

Group IV
One of the following courses:
BUS 375 Business Law I 3
PLS 312 Public Administration 3
PLS 315 Government Regulations of Business 3
PLS 318 State and Local Government 3
PLS 320 Law and the Legal Process 3

Recommended Electives
PEP 353 Administration of Intramurals 3
PEP 360 Introduction of Sport Management Theory 3
REL 372 Child Abuse: Causes, Costs and Confrontation 3
HLS 402 Women's Health (Summer Only) 3
HLS 490 Worksite Health Promotion (Summer Only) 3

Recommended Practicum Prerequisites/Certifications
CPR
First Aid
Lifesaving
Mandatory Reporting of Child Abuse (seminar, training, or course)

Recreation and Leisure Courses

REL 211 The Leisure Experience (A,S). Familiarizes students with the interrelationship between leisure and Western culture and society, and increases awareness of the effects of leisure. Covers the economic impact of leisure, leisure as a modifier of culture, life stages and leisure. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

REL 302 Leisure and the Individual and Society (A). Presents an overview of the recreation/leisure profession and its impact on the individual and society. Covers concepts of recreation and leisure through the study of theories of play. Discusses philosophical frameworks for play, recreation and leisure. Explores the sociological and economic impacts of recreation and leisure. Requires students to develop an operational philosophy of recreation and leisure. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

REL 303 Leisure in the Corporate Sector (B). Prerequisite: REL 302 or instructor's permission. Covers the history, philosophy, organization, programming and financing of industrial recreation. Allows students to develop an operating policy. Includes a field trip. 3 Cr. Fall.

REL 306 Recreation for Persons with Differing Abilities (A). Corequisite: REL 302 or instructor's permission. Provides both the conceptual framework and the specifics of application relative to integrated lifestyles for persons with disabilities. Focuses on assessing, planning, implementing and evaluating phases of providing integrated recreational services. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

REL 307 Applied Studies in Recreation and Leisure (B). Prerequisites: REL 302, 308, and 395 or instructor's permission. Investigates professional issues and problems through on-sight experiential learning or through directed research projects. Topics and sites are arranged through the instructor. Requires one or more written projects, depending upon the topic and scope of study. 3 C r. Every Summer.

REL 308 Recreation Programming (B). Corequisite: REL 302 or instructor's permission. Provides an overview of various recreation activities, examines frameworks for recreation programs, and evaluates recreation programs in terms of various audiences and settings. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

REL 312 Management of Recreation and Leisure Services (B). Corequisite: REL 302 or instructor's permission. Focuses on the management of a comprehensive recreation and leisure service system. Covers organizational behavior, marketing, human resources, operations, and finance common to public, private, commercial, and therapeutic sectors. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

REL 313 Commercial Recreation (B). Prerequisite: REL 302 or instructor's permission. Covers the scope of the commercial recreation enterprise, trends, problems associated with a commercial recreation venture, and consumer needs. May require site visits. 3 Cr. Spring.

REL 314 Principles of Tourism (B). Prerequisite: REL 302 or instructor's permission. Covers principles affecting tourism: the scope and magnitude of tourist attractions, services, facilities, transportation, accommodations, and the tourist. Examines travel motivations, demand for destinations, economic, socio-cultural and ecological impact, tourism planning, and tourism marketing. Requires site visits. 3 Cr. Spring.

REL 372 Child Abuse: Causes, Costs and Confrontation (A,I). Informs students of the history of child abuse and its various forms in Western culture. Also allows students to learn of its causes, its costs in terms of dollars and human resources, and the means that society can implement to confront the issue. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

REL 395 Leadership for Recreation and Leisure (A). Prerequisite: REL 302 or instructor's permission. Acquaints students with the theory, principles, and practices of leadership and group dynamics in recreation and leisure. 4 Cr. Every Semester.

REL 402 Current Leisure Problems and Issues (B). NOTE: May only be taken in semester prior to practicum. Identifies and analyzes current leisure trends, problems, and issues that affect both the therapeutic and managerial segments of the leisure services profession. Focuses on the concerns of the present and their implications for the future delivery of leisure and therapeutic recreation programs, services, and treatments. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

REL 403 Practicum (B). Prerequisites: Eligibility for practicum semester, including completion of all General Education requirements, major core courses and appropriate specialization courses; also 200 hours of experience in recreation settings to be met through REL 307, REL 421-426, or through a combination of the above and other course-required field work. Provides a directed practicum in an approved leisure service organization. Also provides practical experience in a setting compatible with the student's chosen recreation option with evaluation reports by the practicum agency. 15 Cr. Every Semester.

REL 405 Philosophy and Theory of Therapeutic Recreation (A). Prerequisite: REL 302 or instructor's permission. Covers the nature and function of therapeutic recreation, values of therapeutic recreation service, guidelines for providing of therapeutic recreation services, and historical and professional development. Requires field experience. 3 Cr. Fall.

REL 406 Leisure and Aging (A,I,W). Examines various aspects of aging as they relate to leisure in contemporary society, leisure needs of mature adults, services for elderly, and leisure pursuits in the subculture of the aging. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

REL 407 Methods in Therapeutic Recreation (B). Prerequisite: REL 405. Covers methods and strategies for applying the TR process (assessment, planning, implementing and evaluating) and provides an overview of leisure education and group facilitation techniques. Requires field work. 3 Cr. Spring.

REL 410 (B) Research and Evaluation in Recreation and Leisure Studies. Prerequisites: REL 302, an approved statistics course and instructor's permission. Provides an introduction to research and evaluation in recreation and leisure. Focuses on the tenets of the scientific method as applied to research and evaluation. Emphasizes the use of microcomputers in investigation, data analysis, and writing process. Develops skill in styles and conventions of formal, scientific writing in recreation and leisure studies and services. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

REL 411 Management of Leisure Resources (B). Prerequisite: REL 302 or instructor's permission. Covers principles of operation and management of various types of leisure service organizations and resources; considers planning and design; and identifies problems related to management of such organizations and critical analysis of problems. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

REL 412 Issues and Trends in Therapeutic Recreation (B). Prerequisite: REL 405 or instructor's permission. Investigates how current trends and issues affect the delivery and advocacy of therapeutic recreation services with an emphasis on the group process and modalities. Examines critical issues in the emerging profession of therapeutic recreation. 3 Cr. Spring.

REL 414 Planning, Design, and Management of Recreation Facilities (B). Applies student 's prior knowledge of recreation and leisure theory, philosophy, and programming techniques to out door/indoor facility planning, design, and maintenance. Provides planning skills, discussion of design issues, and maintenance management techniques. There is an emphasis on universal access. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

PRO 421 Field Experience I (B). Provides an introductory practicum experience for students who may work with adults with special needs in a recreational setting; e.g., adults with mental retardation, visual impairments, hearing impairments, or physical disabilities. Takes place on campus on Thursday evenings only. 1.5 Cr. Every Semester.

PRO 422 Field Experience II (B). Prerequisite: REL 421. Provides introductory practicum experience for students who may work with adults with special needs in a recreational setting; e.g., adults with mental retardation, visual impairments, hearing impairments, or physical disabilities. Takes place on campus on Thursday evenings only. 1.5 Cr. Every Semester.

PRO 423 Field Experience III (B). Prerequisites: REL 421, 422. Provides an introductory practicum experience for students who may work with adults with special needs in a recreational setting; e.g., adults with mental retardation, visual impairments, hearing impairments, or physical disabilities. Takes place on campus on Thursday evenings only. 1.5 Cr. Every Semester.

PRO 424 Field Experience IV (B). Prerequisites: REL 421, 422, and 423. Provides an introductory practicum experience for students who may work with adults with special needs in a recreational setting; e.g., adults with mental retardation, visual impairments, hearing impairments, or physical disabilities. Takes place on campus on Thursday evenings only. 1.5 Cr. Every Semester.

PRO 425 Field Experience V (B). Prerequisites: REL 421, 422, 423, and 424. Provides an introductory practicum experience for students who may work with adults with special needs in a recreational setting; e.g., adults with mental retardation, visual impairments, hearing impairments, or physical disabilities. Takes place on campus on Thursday evenings only. 1.5 Cr. Every Semester.

PRO 426 Field Experience VI (B). Prerequisites: REC 421, 422, 423, 424, and 425. Provides an introductory practicum experience for students who may work with adults with special needs in a recreational setting; e.g., adults with mental retardation, visually impairment, hearing impairments, or physical disabilities. Takes place on campus on Thursday evenings only. 1.5 Cr. Every Semester.

REL 470 Leisure in the United Kingdom: A Comparative Study (A). Provides an intensive and comprehensive study of the sociological and behavioral foundations of, and impact of, leisure in the United Kingdom. Consists of one week of intensive classroom experience and a second week of intensive hands-on experience in a leisure service setting in the Leeds, England area. Requires a comprehensive paper and additional fees. 3 Cr.

REL 499 Independent Study in Recreation and Leisure. Arranged in consultation with the instructor- sponsor and in accordance with the procedures of the Office of Academic Advisement prior to registration. 1-3 Cr.


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