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Department of Biological Sciences
103 Lennon Hall
FAX (585) 395-2741
Chairman and Professor: Stuart Tsubota; Professors: Thomas Bonner, Steven W. Chan; Vice Provost and Associate Professor: P. Michael Fox ; Associate Professor: David Brannigan; Assistant Professors: Laurie Cook, Tracey Householder, Adam Rich, Rey Sia.
The Department of Biological Sciences offers two majors and two minors, and a variety of tracks in the major. Both majors and one minor are designed for students with an interest in one or several of the many aspects of the life sciences and provide excellent preparation for postgraduate training and careers in the biomedical, health, teaching, and other fields that require an understanding and practice of scientific reasoning and methods.
Through courses taken during the freshman and sophomore years, students build a scientific foundation for understanding how biological systems function. In the junior and senior years, students may concentrate in several areas of departmental strength: pre-medicine, biotechnology, or an individualized program. Internships and cooperative programs with public and private organizations afford students the opportunity to apply their skills outside the classroom. Because of complex biological and issues that face modern society, we encourage non-majors to take selected courses in biological sciences. Upon declaring a major in biological sciences, it is imperative that the student seek a faculty advisor by contacting the department secretary, Room 103 Lennon Hall.
Students majoring in Biological Sciences and Medical Technology are required to obtain a minimum grade of “C” in BIO 201, BIO 202 (and/or BIO 111) before they are allowed to take further courses in the major.
Students may transfer the above courses from other regionally accredited institutions to satisfy this requirement provided that the courses have been approved as equivalent and that the students have earned a grade of “C” or higher in the courses transferred.
|Numbers||(38 credits; 30 credits at the 300 and 400 level)||Credits|
|BIO 201||Biology I||4|
|BIO 202||Biology II||4|
|BIO 301||Cell Biology||3|
|BIO 306||Cell and Genetics Techniques||3|
|BIO 300-level electives||300-level electives(one or two courses by advisement)||4-8|
|BIO 400-level courses||400-level courses (by advisement)||12-16|
|One or two electives at the 300 level must be selected from the following:|
|BIO 303||Ecology (teacher certification students)||4|
|BIO 305||Comparative Physiology||4|
|BIO 321||Anatomy and Physiology I||4|
|BIO 322||Anatomy and Physiology II||4|
|CHM 205-206||College Chemistry I & II||8|
|CHM 305||Organic Chemistry I||4|
|Recommended: Those students considering graduate or medical school are strongly advised to take the following:|
|CHM 306||Organic Chemistry II||4|
|MTH 201-202||Calculus I & II||6|
|PHS 201-202||College Physics I & II||8|
Those students in other biology tracks are advised to consider courses in computer science, statistics and general physics to support their career goals. Handbooks that list recommended courses for each track are available from the department secretary.
NOTE: In normal progress toward the degree, BIO 201, 202, CHM 205, 206, and the recommended mathematics courses are taken in the freshman year. BIO 301, 302, 306, CHM 305, and the recommended CHM 306 courses are taken in the sophomore year. The recommended PHS 201 and 202 courses are taken in the junior year and 400-level biology courses in the junior and senior years. Only three credits of BIO 499 Independent Study may be included in the 38 credits required for the major.
Transfer students must complete a minimum of 18 credits of upper-division courses in the Department of Biological Sciences at SUNY Brockport regardless of the numbers of credits transferred.
Advisement: To assure proper advisement in particular tracks, students should declare a major as early as possible, preferably in the freshman year. Majors are declared with the department secretary, Room 103, Lennon Hall.
Pre-medicine, Pre-dentistry, Pre-veterinary, Health Careers
Each year, students from SUNY Brockport apply for admission to professional study in medicine, dentistry, osteopathy, optometry, podiatry, physical therapy, and physicians assistant programs. Although at Brockport most “pre-med” professional students have majored in the biological sciences, there is no special major for pre-professional health care, and the requirements for admission can be met through a variety of majors available at the College. The program in biological sciences is well-established and our graduates successfully compete for positions in professional programs. We do arrange programs with local health care facilities, such as the Oak Orchard Community Health Center, to provide “pre-med” students with the experiential component necessary for successful application to medical school. Upon arrival at Brockport, students should contact the department for further information on these programs.
A Pre-professional Advisory Committee assists students interested in entering the medically related professions through formal meetings, counseling, and a library of materials; provides application materials for the MCAT, DAT, and OAT exams (the admissions tests for medical, podiatric, dental and optometry schools); and prepares a committee evaluation prior to application based on a formal interview with the applicant as well as test scores and GPA. This committee consists of faculty members from biological sciences, chemistry and physics.
Resource materials, admission statistics, suggested courses of study, admission test applications, and procedural information are available for SUNY Brockport students in the Biology Club room of the Department of Biological Sciences, Lennon Hall.
Biotechnology: The department is well-equipped to provide skills in cell and tissue culture, immunology, nucleic acid separations and electron microscopy. A substantial percentage of graduates who have obtained these skills have successfully entered jobs in government and industrial laboratories.
Certification in Secondary Education (7–12): Biology and General Science
Students who intend to become secondary school biology teachers qualify for New York state provisional certification by completing the requirement of Bachelor of Science and the requisite courses toward certification in secondary education as arranged with the Department of Education and Human Development Department.
Because the certification requirements are extensive and changeable, the student should meet with an advisor in each of the Departments of Biological Science and Education and Human Development.
Major in Medical Technology
The major in medical technology enables a student to obtain the BS in Medical Technology from SUNY Brockport at the end of a four-year program, including three academic years here and a fourth calendar year at a school of medical technology approved by the College. During the first three years each student fulfills the General Education requirements and the major requirements. The fourth year at a school of medical technology includes both theoretical and practical work in a medical lab. The BS is awarded upon the satisfactory completion of the requirements of both institutions. Upon completion of the internship, the student is eligible to take the National Registry Examination, which must be passed in order to be qualified as a Registered Medical Technologist. The program is currently offered in affiliation with Rochester General Hospital.
To enter this program, students declare a major in biological sciences in the freshman year to assure proper advisement. Majors are declared with the department secretary, Room 103, Lennon Hall. A formal application to the School of Medical Technology is made by the middle of the fall semester of the junior year. Based on the academic record for the freshman, sophomore years and mid-semester grades of the fall semester of the junior year and an interview, the decision is made as to which applicants will be formally admitted into the clinical year. This decision is competitive and made by the School of Medical Technology. Those students accepted into the clinical year are accepted into the major in medical technology at SUNY Brockport.
Medical Technology Fee: In additon to SUNY tuititon and fees, students in their clinical year will be charged tution and fees by the School of Medical Technology (Rochester General Hospital).
Suggested Program for SUNY Brockport Courses—Medical Technology
|BIO 201||Biology I1||4|
|CHM 205||College Chemistry I||4|
|ENL 112||College Composition||3|
|BIO 202||Biology II1||4|
|CHM 206||College Chem II1||4|
|MTH 121 or higher1||3|
|CHM 305||Organic Chemistry1||4|
|BIO 321||Anatomy & Physiology I1||4|
|BIO 306||Cell and Genetics Techniques||3|
|BIO 322||Anatomy and Physiology II1||4|
|BUS 365||Principles of Management||4|
|PHS 115||General Physics I2||4|
|HLS 306||Contemporary Issues
|BIO 301||Cell Biology1||3|
|PHS 116||General Physics II1||4|
|SOC 200||Social Statistics2||3|
1 Required courses in Medical Technology
2 Recommended courses
The following courses (34 credits) are usually required in the clinical year at an approved school of medical technology: microbiology (immunology), clinical chemistry, hematology, blood bank, urinalysis/clinical microscopy, principles of disease, and toxicology.
Minor in Biological Sciences
A minimum of 18 credits, of which at least 10 must be at the 300/400 level, is required for the minor. Students declaring a minor in biological sciences must earn at least nine credits of biology courses at SUNY Brockport. Since no specific courses are designated, a variety of tracks is possible and it is important that students seek advisement through the Undergraduate Coordinator (inquire in Room 103, Lennon Hall). Many students working towards teacher certification and/or majoring in other disciplines elect a minor to strengthen their degrees.
BIO 111 Principles of Biology (A,L). Cross-listed as ENV 111. For non-majors. Serves as prerequisite for BIO 321-322. Through lectures and laboratory activities, examines the structure and function of living systems, from cells to the biosphere as a whole. 4 Cr. Every Semester
BIO 201 Biology I (A,L). For majors in biological sciences: (BIO 201 and 202 are not sequential; either may be taken first). Provides an integrated exploration of the fundamentals of biology as a science, the nature and origin of life, biological chemistry, cell biology, genetics and evolution. Draws upon plants, animals and microbes to illustrate structure and function relationships. 1-4 Cr. Every Semester
BIO 202 Biology II (A,L). For majors in biological sciences: (BIO 201 and 202 are not sequential; either may be taken first). Focuses on organismal biology by taking an evolutionary approach to examine how animals and plants adapt to the environment, to study structure and functions by examining both animal and plant physiology and to integrate this knowledge with laboratories that run parallel with the lectures. 4 Cr. Every Semester
BIO 221 Survey of Anatomy and Physiology (A,L). Primarily for physical education and dance majors. Surveys human anatomy and physiology, encompassing structure and function of skeletal, muscular, nervous, cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Presents development and integration of these units as a basis for understanding the anatomical and physiological aspects of humans at rest and during activity. Includes a lab. 4 Cr. Every Semester
BIO 281 Elements of Human Biology (A,N). Provides an introduction for non-majors to the human organism-structure, physiology, metabolism, behavior, genetics, evolution, and ecological relationships. Addresses important issues in health and human disease as well as current societal and ethical issues in readings, lectures, and classroom discussions. 3 Cr. Every Semester
BIO 301 Cell Biology (A). Prerequisites: BIO 201, BIO 202 and CHM 205. Covers cellular functions and structures and the interrelationship between them. Requires a lab including procedures and tools of cell biology. 3 Cr. Fall
BIO 302 Genetics (A). Prerequisites: BIO 201, BIO 202, CHM 205 and CHM 206. Recommended: One semester of organic chemistry. Covers the gene as the basis of variation and principles of heredity. Includes Mendelian genetics as well as molecular aspects including replication, transcription, and translation. Covers topics in genetic regulation, conjugation, mutation and repair, as well as population genetics. Provides experiments to illustrate the above principles. Includes computer simulations of linkage. 3 Cr. Spring
BIO 303 Ecology (A). Cross-listed as ENV 303. Prerequisites: BIO 111 and either BIO 201 or BIO 202. Ecology addresses interrelationships among organisms and the physical environment. Considers energy flow, nutrient cycling, population and community dynamics, principles of animal behavior, and natural history in lecture, laboratory and field study. 4 Cr. Every Semester
BIO 305 Comparative Physiology (A). Prerequisites: either BIO 201 or BIO 202; CHM 205 and CHM 206. Takes a comparative and experimental approach to understanding how living organisms function. Examines fundamental but selective aspects of physiology, including homeostatic energy balance, metabolism, water and salt regulation, respiration, locomotion, adaptation to altitude/diving, and nervous and endocrine integration. 4 Cr.
BIO 306 Cell and Genetics Laboratory (A). Prerequisites: BIO 201, BIO 202, CHM 205. Co-requisites: BIO 301 and BIO 302. Course can be taken concurrently with either of the above. Experiments for the Genetic section focus on topics such as DNA and protein analysis, Mendelian and non-Mendelian segregation principles, bacterial genetics, mutagenesis, gene regulation, and population genetics. The Cell Biology laboratory techniques include microscopy, enzyme assays, organelle isolation and electrophoresis. Instructions and theoretical basis for experiments will be given prior to each lab. 3 Cr. Every Semester
BIO 317 Biology of Aging (A). Introduces the study of aging in the human and a number of other animals at the molecular, cell, tissue and organ level to understand what is meant by aging and how it is measured. Includes effects of genetic composition, sex differences and other factors. 3 Cr.
BIO 321 Anatomy and Physiology I (A). Prerequisites: BIO 111, BIO 202 or BIO 221. Studies the structures and functions of cells, tissues and organs with examples drawn from the human body. Introduces students to the anatomy and physiology of the skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine and integumentary systems of the body through lectures and laboratories. Recommended for nursing, health science and pre-medical students (BIO 321 or 322 may be taken out of sequence). 4 Cr. Fall
BIO 322 Anatomy and Physiology II (A). Prerequisites: BIO 111, BIO 202 or BIO 221. Introduces students to the anatomy and physiology of circulatory, excretory, respiratory, digestive and reproductive systems of the human body through lectures and laboratories. Recommended for nursing, health science and pre-medical students (BIO 321 or 322 may be taken out of sequence). 4 Cr. Spring
BIO 323 Microbiology (A). Prerequisites: one of BIO 111, BIO 201 or BIO 202 and either CHM 205 or CHM 260. Provides lectures concerned with the structure, function, diversity, and control of microorganisms, including metabolism, growth and regulation, microbial genetics, disease, immunology, and microbial ecology. Provides lab experiences in techniques of pure culture, cultivation, enumeration, isolation and characterization of micro-organisms. 4 Cr. Spring
BIO 333 Contemporary Issues in Life Science (A,I). What is life? When does human life begin? How do genes control life processes? Is it natural/ ethical to alter the genetic makeup of species, including humans? What drives pharmaceutical companies and drug development? This course explores controversial issues raised by modern biotechnology. Background information for identifying, understanding, and analyzing critical issues facing the life sciences is reviewed. 3 Cr. Every Other Fall
BIO 411 Evolution (A). Prerequisite: BIO 302 . Corequisite: BIO 303. Commences with a review of philosophical and factual basis of evolutionary biology. Examines the physiochemical background for the evolution of life, mechanisms of evolution, population genetics, phylogeny, speciation, and consequences of the evolution of populations of living organisms. 3 Cr. Spring
BIO 414 Immunology (A). Prerequisite: BIO 202 or BIO 323 or BIO 301. Emphasizes aspects of immunology, including the structure and function of immunoglobulins, the role of cell-mediated immunity, the protective role of the immune system, and disease and injury as related to malfunctions of the immune system. 3 Cr. Fall
BIO 415 Molecular Biology (A). Prerequisites: BIO 301, BIO 302 and CHM 305. Covers the biosynthesis and function of macromolecules, especially nucleic acids. Includes topics in regulation, molecular virology, transposition and transformation, as well as recombinant DNA methods. Biology majors only or with instructor's permission. 3 Cr. Spring
BIO 416 Laboratory Techniques in Exercise Physiology (A). Cross-listed as PES 416. Prerequisites: BIO 111 or equivalent, PES 310 and MTH 121 or instructor's permission. Complements the theoretical preparation of students in exercise physiology. Provides experiences in the measurement of acute and chronic adaptations to exercise, the use of technology in the measurement and assessment of physiological functioning during such conditions, and the maintenance and calibration of such equipment. Actively immerses students in the subject to better conceptualize, and internalize, what it means to administer tests, and analyze and interpret data in a meaningful and systematic manner. 3 Cr. Fall
BIO 417 Recombinant DNA Laboratory (A). Prerequisites: BIO 302 and CHM 305. Covers laboratory methods involved in the isolation and cloning of genetic material. Uses procedures such as bacterial and viral growth and selection techniques, gene isolation and detection, restriction analysis, use of DNA ligase and PCR methods, as well as site-specific mutagenesis. DNA "fingerprinting" methods. Utilizes non-radioactive detection methods in the above techniques. Biology majors only or with Instructor's permission. 3 Cr. Fall
BIO 424 Experimental Research (A). Prerequisites: BIO 201, BIO 202, BIO 302, BIO 303, CHM 205 and CHM 206, and instructor's and chairperson's permission. Under the supervision of a faculty member in biology, allows the student to undertake a lab research project in some area of biological science. Establishes the topic and methodology by mutual consent of the student and faculty member. Requires all students enrolled to meet together with the involved faculty once a week to discuss the background, methods, and results of their projects. Encourages students to present their results at Scholars Day. May be repeated; a maximum of six credits may be applied toward the major in biological sciences. Enrollment is with the department chairperson. 1-4 Cr. Every Semester
BIO 426 Recombinant DNA (A). Considers theory and techniques in the recombinant DNA field. Includes topics such as cloning vectors, restriction analysis, PCR methods, and expression of cloned genes in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Also considers examples and implications of recombinant DNA methodology in plants and agriculture as well as in medicine, human genetics and disease. Biology majors only or with Instructor's permission. 3 Cr. Fall
BIO 428 Microtechnique (A). Prerequisite: BIO 202. Requires students to demonstrate competency in the preparation of tissue by paraffin sectioning and histochemistry. Discusses the theory underlying these techniques in lecture, and considers their application to a hospital pathology laboratory. 3 Cr.
BIO 429 Electron Microscopy (A). Prerequisite: BIO 301. Provides the theory of electron optics and skills in electron microscopy. Also includes methods of specimen preparation and skills of ultramicrotomy. Places a strong emphasis on lab. 4 Cr.
BIO 433 Instrumental Methods III: Radioactivity and Enzyme Assay (A). Prerequisites: BIO 301 and BIO 302; and CHM 305. Covers principles and experiments involving the use and measurement of radioactive isotopes, liquid scintillation counting, and measurement of enzyme activity using spectrophotometric and radioisotope techniques. Given third four weeks of semester only with eight, three hour lab sessions. 1 Cr.
BIO 443 Biotechniques III - Radioimmunoassays (A). Prerequisites: BIO 201, BIO 202, CHM 205, CHM 206 and CHM 305. Covers principles of radioimmunoassays (RIA) and enzyme-ligand-sorbent-immunoassays (ELISA). Provides hands-on learning of either/both methods and applying them to assay biological samples. Discusses accuracy, precision and variability and limitations of the procedures. Given second four weeks of the semester only with eight 3-hour laboratory sessions. 1 Cr.
BIO 445 Histology (A). Prerequisite: BIO 202. Studies the microanatomy of animal tissue and organs with emphasis on functional correlations. Includes lab examinations of prepared slides and fresh materials, as well as normal and pathological tissues. 4 Cr. Fall
BIO 466 General Endocrinology (A). Prerequisite: BIO 202 or equivalent. Covers the relationship between the molecular structure of a hormone and its ability to regulate growth, metabolic and reproductive processes. Mechanisms of action at cell and molecular levels; various endocrine diseases. 3 Cr. Fall
BIO 467 Biochemistry I (A). Cross-listed as CHM 467. Prerequisite: CHM 306. A college biology course is strongly recommended. Covers the chemistry of proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, nucleic acids and other biomolecules with an emphasis on buffers, structures, experimental methods, main energy production pathways and biosynthesis. Applies concepts and information to experimental data and deduction of structures, functional roles and mechanisms. Three hours lecture per week. 3 Cr. Fall
BIO 468 Biochemistry II (A). Cross-listed as CHM 468. Prerequisites: BIO 467 or CHM 467. Provides a continuation of BIO 467. Covers additional metabolic pathways, human nutrition, chromosomes and genes, protein biosynthesis, cell walls, immunoglobulins, muscle contraction, cell motility, membrane transport and excitable membranes and sensory systems. Investigates experimental evidence for the structures and functions of biomolecules. 3 Cr. Spring
BIO 470 Biochemistry Laboratory (A). Course fee. Cross-listed as CHM 470. Prerequisites: BIO 467 or CHM 467 and CHM 303. Covers biochemical analyses, including preparation, separations and characterization of products from a variety of biological sources; and experiments with enzymes and experiments designed to measure changes inherent in the dynamics of living systems. 1 Cr. Fall
BIO 491 Biological Sciences Overseas Program (A). Prerequisite: Departmental approval. Requires students to attend classes in the biological sciences and/or related areas at the participating overseas university. 1-15 Cr.
BIO 495 Topics in Biology (A). To be defined by the instructor-sponsor in accordance with the specific topic to be covered that semester. Additional information may be obtained from the department office. 1-4 Cr. Every Semester
BIO 498 Seminar (A). Requires students to research, organize, and present a seminar. Techniques of seminar speaking utilizing power point are fundamental. 1 Cr. Every Semester
BIO 499 Independent Study in Biology (A). Prerequisite: Instructor's permission. To be defined in consultation with the instructor-sponsor and in accordance with the procedures of the Office of Academic Advisement prior to registration. 1-4 Cr. Every Semester