All Women and Gender Studies Courses

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Undergraduate Courses

WMS 101 Introduction to Women and Gender Studies (A,D,S,W). Introduces students to the field of Women and Gender Studies. Examines women and gender in the United States from interdisciplinary, multicultural and feminist perspectives. Course topics include an exploration of the history of women’s rights movements, reproductive freedoms, the social construction of beauty, sexuality, violence against women, gender and work, and masculinity issues. The course is design to help students develop a critical framework for thinking about women and gender issues in a historical and contemporary context. Major and minor requirement. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

WMS 200 Topics in Women's Studies (A,W,Y). To be defined by the instructor in accordance with the specific topic to be covered in that semester. Typically, topic areas are gender and language or women on the margins of society. 3 Cr.

WMS 201 Little Women to Riot Grrls: Girls' Studies (A,D,H,W). Introduces students to the interdisciplinary field of Girls' Studies. Surveys the construction of girlhood from infancy through the college years as read in history, literature, and social theory with a focus on contemporary girlhood realized across person and place. Examines social constructions of girlhood, media representations of girls/young women, and girls' lived experiences. Considers ways girls use writing, art, and activism to define their lives and create their identities. 3 Cr.

WMS 230 History of Women and Medicine (A,H,W). Cross-listed as HST 230; Addresses key themes in the history of women in medicine with a transnational focus, both in terms of women as nurses, midwives and doctors, as well as patients. Looks at the medicalization of women’s bodies, reproductive issues, diseases and education. 3 Cr. Spring.

WMS 261 Queer Film & TV (A,D,H,W). Cross-listed as FLM 261. Surveys the development of GLBTQI film and TV across mainstream, independent, art house and international productions. Builds familiarity with the development of GLBTQ film and TV and an ability to apply film criticism to new representations. Covers film theory with an emphasis on minority representation, identity formation, and audience communities. Incorporates film screenings including The Celluloid Closet, Antonias Line, and Philadelphia. 4 Cr. Every Semester.

WMS 271 Gender, Race and Class (A,D,S,W). Cross-listed as AAS 271. Examines the intersecting socio-political forces of gender, race and class, and how these forces interact. Looks at how these forces affect individuals, and individual and social responses to these forces. Investigates the history of efforts to end discrimination, and the ways these efforts translate into issues of current concern in the U.S. Major requirement 3 cr. Every semester. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

WMS 302 Introduction to Interdisciplinary Disability Studies (A,D,H,W). Synthesizes an introduction to disability studies with critical visual and linguistic analyses. Takes an interdisciplinary and intersectional approach to social constructions of ability/disability. Explores questions such as: What forms of social oppression are perpetuated by such ableism? How do race, gender, sexuality and dis/ability intersect and how can an understanding of critical disability studies enhance feminist, antiracist, and queer theory and practice? Students will learn the basic tenets of disability studies and apply theme to an analysis of cultural texts. 3 Cr.

WMS 303 Native American Women (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed as ANT 303 Representation of Native American women generally conform to two stereotypes: the submissive drudge or the Indian princess. Both ignore the complexity and diversity of Native women's roles in their respective societies. Taught primarily from a Native women's perspective, this course moves beyond the two-dimensional portrait to engage life experiences and social institutions, emphasizing strength and endurance, the complementary nature of traditional gender roles and contemporary strategies for cultural survival. 3 Cr.

WMS 305 Gender, Sex and Power: the View from Inside (A,I,W). Cross-listed as ANT 305. Applies a cross-cultural approach to the study of gender and sex. Examines topics including socialization; identity and self; gender and biology; and intersections between gender, class, and race. Highlights contemporary issues such as migration, economic development and gender role change, and the commodification of women via sex tourism and globalization. Focuses on Somoa, Gambia, Mexico, United States, China, Burma (Myanmar) and the Dominican Republic. 3 Cr.

WMS 307 Gendering the Past (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed as ANT 307. Explores the relationship between past and present in the context of interpreting gender roles, with a focus on gender in the present versus gender in the past. Teaches students how to evaluate claims or interpretations based on historic or archaeological data. Introduces students to a wide range of historically conditioned gender roles. By examining this diversity, allows students to realize that gender is not a simple or natural construct. 3 Cr. Spring.

WMS 310 Women in Art (A,W). Cross-listed as ARH 310. Examines the contributions and creations of women to the visual arts throughout history, with an emphasis on the women artists of the last two centuries. Students will gain an understanding of artistic techniques and movements and become familiar with the social and political history of women, in order to understand how such conditions affect artistic production. 3 Cr.

WMS 311 Women in Music (A). A survey of roles and contributions of women in music and examination of cultural, political, and socioeconomic contexts surrounding them. Discussions of feminist theory and music. 3 Cr.

WMS 312 Sex, Evolution and Behavior (A,I,W,Y). Studies the relationship between genetics, anatomy, physiology, and behavior from the point of view of sexual reproduction, competition, and fitness. Also explores the relationship between reproductive mating systems and specific ecological environments. Examines invertebrates and vertebrates, with a final discussion on whether humans " fit" the typical patterns encountered in other mammalian species. For non-biology majors. 3 Cr.

WMS 313 Gender Politics (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed as PLS 313. Explores, from a feminist perspective, socio-political barriers that have made women the "majority minority" or "silenced majority." Includes barriers such as discriminatory legislation, political folkways, sex and gender roles, and myths that have created and perpetuated a male-dominated society. 3 Cr.

WMS 315 Contemporary Black Woman (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed as AAS 315. Eclectically explores the various positions and roles played by black women in contemporary times against their historical backdrop. Focuses on the roles of black women in traditional and contemporary contexts in Africa; black women in rural and urban areas and in the Caribbean; and professional black women and their characteristics. 3 Cr.

WMS 324 Politics in America, 1780s-190s: Sex, Race, Culture & Party (A,W,Y). Explores American politics from the 18th century until today, emphasizing central tendencies and long-term patterns in the distribution and exercise of power in America, with special attention to gender, interests, and ideologies. 3 Cr.

WMS 328 Women in America (A,W,Y). Cross-listed as HST 328. Focuses on the changing history of American women, including the intersections of gender and sexuality with ethnicity, race, immigration, and class. We analyze cultural images of American women, as well as individual and organized resistance to conventional definitions of womanhood as well as contemporary issues, including employment, reproductive freedom, and anti-racism. 3 Cr. 3 Cr. Spring.

WMS 330 Global Perspectives on Women and Gender (A,I,W,Y). Explores historical, social and political factors shaping sex and gender across cultures and countries. Focuses on women and societies outside Euro-American contexts in considering ways global capitalism, gendered division of labor, and commodification of women's bodies contribute to the current position of women. Topics include gender and globalization; gender and work; women and the state; women and reproductive health; gender and religion; women, gender and family; gender-based violence; and the global sex trade. 3-4 Cr. Every Semester.

WMS 332 Witchcraft & Witch-Hunting in Early Modern Europe, 1450-1750 (A,W). Students will deepen their understanding of witchcraft and witch-hunting in early modern Europe through discussions of readings, writing assignments, and lectures. The relationship between women, gender and witch-hunting forms a major focus of the class. Other topics include elite and popular views on magic and witchcraft; the links between religion, the rise of the modern state and witch-hunting; and the decline of witch prosecutions. 3 Cr. Even Spring.

WMS 334 Black Women's Narratives, Resistance, & Joy (A). Analyzes the ways in which Black female writers and readers across political locations have endured trauma and, ultimately, engaged in moments of recovery, laughter, and hope as registered in literary artifacts. Approaches the subject through interdisciplinarity, in the fields of history, criticism, literary studies, as well as cultural and visual studies. Covers theoretical works, novels, short stories, poems, drama to gain a greater understanding of Black women’s cultural and literary expressions of joy, happiness, and humor. 3 Cr.

WMS 335 Feminism and Philosophy (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed with PHL 335. Explores the philosophical foundations of some major strands in feminist theory. Examines the philosophical commitments of, e.g., liberal, radical, lesbian, Marxist, postmodern, and cyber feminisms. Investigates how these feminisms respond to contemporary concerns about work, parenthood, sexuality and technology. 3 cr. 3 Cr.

WMS 344 Sex, Sin and Sorority: Women in Early American Republic (A,W). Cross-listed as HST 344. Explores the origins of the modern American woman. Seeks to describe and explain the ways women in America transformed their reproductive, productive, political, and personal lives during the first century of The Great American Republic, c. 1776-1876. Is aimed at a general audience and has no prerequisites. Entails lectures, reading, discussion, quizzes, and essay exams. 3 Cr. Fall.

WMS 348 Sex and Gender in Literary Theory (A,W). Cross-listed as ENG 348. Provides an advanced introduction to the traditions of literary theory and criticism related to sex and gender studies. Closely analyzes primary theoretical material as well as literary texts in relation to theory. Requires students to write papers of analysis from multiple critical perspectives, classify and describe perspectives of various critics, and define critical terms. 3 Cr.

WMS 358 Family and Social Change in American History (A,W,Y). Cross-listed with HST 358. Focuses on family structures and strategies, challenges to patriarchal families, and changing views of marriage and motherhood. Includes consideration of Native-American, black and immigrant experiences. Explores issues such as the impact of the women's rights movement on families and working mothers, single parenting, and alternative family structures. 3 Cr. 3 Cr.

WMS 359 History of European Women (A,W,Y). Cross-listed as HST 359. Examines the history of European women since 1500, including traditional roles in political, cultural, and social life. Focuses on change over the centuries. 3 Cr.

WMS 360 Sex and Culture (A,I,W,Y). Explores human sexuality as variously and richly patterned by different cultures. Covers the evolution of human sexuality; cultural significance of biological sex differences; sex roles; patterning of heterosexuality, homosexuality, and transsexuality in selected world cultures; and changing patterns of sexual behavior in the US and abroad. Instruction considers global feminist concerns in examining the interplay of biological, psychological, and cultural factors in the patterning of human sexuality. Major and minor requirement. 3 Cr.

WMS 361 Sociology of Families (A,I,W). Prerequisite: SOC 100. Cross-listed as SOC 361. Provides an introduction to sociological theory and research on intimate relationships and families in the US. Examines historical and contemporary variations, with the main focus on the gendered nature of marriage and family life. Looks at intimacy and family formation through topics such as love, marriage and sexuality. Investigates key concerns in family life such as the balance of power, negotiating work/family roles, parenthood and divorce.3 Cr. 3 Cr.

WMS 362 Women in Western Political Thought (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed as PLS 362. Covers major theories of sexual politics, including Freud's theory of femininity, reform liberalism, socialist theory, and the theory of radical feminism. 3 Cr.

WMS 364 Sociology of Gender (A,I,W). Prerequisite: SOC 100. Cross-listed as SOC 364. Examines gender as a social construction, embedded in interpersonal interactions, social institutions, and cultural systems, comparing gender in the US to gender in other cultures. Explores topics such as how we learn gender, how gender serves to maintain systems of inequality for men and women, and how the meanings of gender have changed over time.3 Cr. 3 Cr.

WMS 365 Lesbian and Gay Cultures in America (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed as ANT 365. Explores the history and emergence of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender cultures in the U.S. from the 1940s to present. Topics include the history of the movement before and after Stonewall; the intersections between sexuality and ethnicity, gender and social status; and urban/rural/suburban differences in attitudes and approaches within the homosexual rights movement. 3 Cr.

WMS 366 Gender in the Islamic World (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed as HST 367 . Covers gender in the Islamic world, and goes “beyond the veil” and women’s “oppression” to deal with the array of culturally-specific discourses that shape men and women’s lives in Islamic cultures. Presents a detailed look at Islamic history to make sense out of gender in the contemporary world. 3 Cr. 3 Cr.

WMS 367 Women in World Literature (A). Cross-listed as ENG 367. Cross-culturally examines writing by and about women. May be focused on particular themes, genres, historical moments, movements or international women authors. May address questions concerning literary canons, social and cultural contexts for literary representations of women, women writers working within particular genres, politics of women’s writing and publication, etc. 3 Cr.

WMS 368 Women in the Mediterranean World (A,W). Cross-listed as HST 368. Examines continuities and changes in the roles and status of women living in Mediterranean societies from prehistoric times to the present. Students beomce familiar with conceptual problems in the historical study of women in this region through examining recurring social-cultural themes that inform their daily lives, such as class, economic roles, religious ideals and images, gender segregation and concepts of honor. 3 Cr.

WMS 369 Sociology of Sexuality (A,I,W). Cross-listed as SOC 369. Sociologists of sexuality understand that sexual identities, desires and behaviors are socially constructed. Each varies historically and culturally. Course examines the social sources of sexual meanings, values, institutions and identities. Additionally, student will explore the influence of other domains and institutions such as the family, the workplace and education over sexuality. 3 Cr. Fall.

WMS 375 Latin American Women (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed FCE 375. Analyzes gender roles and women's political and economic contributions in Latin America. Covers the role of history, ethnicity and social class in shaping female socialization. 3 cr. 3 Cr.

WMS 378 Women Writers in American Literature (A,I,W,Y). Examines the ways in which American women writers address the particular circumstances of women's lives during particular decades. Explores the diversity of women's writing by including the works of best-selling writers, women of color, working-class women, and radical experimentalists. Provides students with an historical, social and cultural context in which to locate various works. 3 Cr. Spring.

WMS 380 Issues in Women's and Men's Health (A,I,W,Y). Examines various perspectives and issues related to healthcare of men and women. Historical, biological, psychosocial, political, cultural, religious, ethical, moral and legal issues affecting healthcare will be investigated. Topics include sexuality, STDs, abortion, rape, violence in the family, eating disorders, substance abuse, mental health/illness, healthy aging, health promotion and interacting with the medical system. 3 Cr.

WMS 382 Queer Theory (A,I,W). Explores historical developments and contemporary debates within interdisciplinary queer theory. Topics include the development of sex/gender/sexuality categories, the relationship between sexuality and the state, scientific discourses on sexuality, the politics of representation, and processes of identity formation. Important authors include Judith Butler, Judith "Jack" Halberstam, Michael Warner, Michel Foucault, and Eve Sedgwick. Also covers queer theory as a deconstructive method which can be applied broadly. 3 Cr.

WMS 386 Writings By African-American Women (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed as ENG 386. Surveys literary representations in Afro-American fiction from the Harlem Renaissance to the present. Examines the degree to which sexism, cultural stereotypes and racism influence the portrayals and function of women in black American literature. Explores concerns with women's issues and the emergence of the feminist movement in America. 3 Cr.

WMS 396 Women in Sport (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed as PES 396. Examines the historical, contemporary, and future perspectives of women in sport. Reviews insights from history, psychology, and sociology related to women in sport, as well as athletes' perceptions of their performance. Focuses on information and issues which are fundamental to understanding women's participation in sport. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

WMS 402 Women's Health (A,W,Y). Cross-listed as PBH 402. Provides a study of women as healthy functioning human beings. Includes lecture and discussion with guest speakers (when available) to present positive information and insights on the anatomical, physiological, mental, spiritual, and emotional aspects of contemporary women. 3 Cr.

WMS 403 Biography and Life History (A,W,Y). Cross-listed as ANT 403. Explores the expression of life stories, their collection and recording, and their presentation in written format. Covers the evolution of the life history in anthropology and oral history; life history as a Western genre; life stories in non-Western form; gender and life stories; the life history as an expression of the self versus the life history as a window on culture; and the limitations of life history research. 3 Cr. Spring.

WMS 409 Feminist Theory (A). Provides an advanced interdisciplinary and multicultural introduction to the main traditions of feminist theory, to the impact of feminist theory on a variety of disciplines, and to feminist theory as applied to various issues in society and culture. Major/Minor requirement. 3 Cr. Every Semester. 3 Cr. Spring.

WMS 410 Contemporary Women Playwrights (A,D,W,Y). Cross-listed as THE 410. Explores ways in which contemporary female playwrights present gender and gendered experiences, and how the construction of women is staged in a variety of cultural contexts through an examination of selected works by 20th-century female playwrights from diverse backgrounds and different countries. Includes an investigation of feminist theory as it applies to theatre practices. 3 Cr.

WMS 411 Feminist Research Methods (A). Feminist research methods challenges traditional quantitative and qualitative research methods in the social sciences. Feminist research methods are explicitly concerned with the choice of research subjects, the standpoint of the researcher, the effects of social structures on knowledge creation, and with aspects of social reality that may be hidden from traditional research methods. Students will complete a research project that responds to the main themes of the course. Major requirement. 3 cr. 3 Cr.

WMS 417 Feminism, Gender and Medical Discourses (A,I,W,Y). Considers how theories of gender, social organization, and biological sex shape the questions asked and explanations and interventions offered in the areas of health and medicine. Examines the effects of gender, social class and race on social and medical knowledge with particular emphasis on women's embodiment and health. Readings include ancient and contemporary anatomical texts, contemporary theorizations of sexual difference, and autobiographical interventions in the fields of health, medicine, and reproductive politics. 3 Cr.

WMS 419 Human Sexuality (A,W,Y). Cross-listed as PBH 419. Provides each student with the opportunity to gain an awareness of him/herself and others as sexual beings. Examines sexual knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors throughout the various life stages, in order to integrate human sexuality into one's total health and well-being. 3 Cr.

WMS 420 Practicum in Women and Gender Studies (A). Provides students with the opportunity to work from a feminist framework on a service learning project under faculty direction. Students complete an internship in an organization where they work on gender and/or women related issues. Students devise a project that makes use of the internship experience and places that experience within a larger theoretical and feminist organizational framework. Must have completed 12 credits in major and be in good academic standing. 1-9 Cr.

WMS 421 Senior Seminar in Women and Gender Studies (A). Prerequisites: WMS101, WMS 271 and WMS 360. Senior capstone course where, through engagement, activism and synthesis of acquired knowledge, establishes a theoretical foundation to inform future feminist practices in areas of work and or graduate study. The course draws on students’ discipline-specific interests as a critical lens into women and gender studies knowledge in its currency and diversity. The course seeks to build an intellectual forum in which students’ dialogue on a women and gender focused topic enacted into a meaningful capstone project which captures contemporary and emerging undergraduate feminist scholarship, action and production. 3 Cr.

WMS 422 Women's Education in the Developing World: Comparative Perspectives (A,I,W,Y). This course looks at women's education in the developing world. It raises questions on social mobility, inequality, women's role in the economic and social development of the third world society. Recent research on the topic will be reviewed; case studies will be drawn from Africa, Asia, and Latin America. A comparative analysis approach will be used throughout this course. 3 Cr.

WMS 425 Women and Safety (A,W,Y). Examines issues of violent crime and personal victimization, especially for women, and the implications for personal crime prevention. Includes an in-depth examination of these violent crimes (e.g.: sexual assault, relationship violence), followed by a focus on individual strategies for maintaining personal safety and reducing crime risks. Considers crime prevention for children and other special populations. 3 Cr.

WMS 427 Women in the Novel (A,W,Y). Cross-listed as ENL 427. Provides in-depth examination of select novels, with some touching upon novels from other countries, to consider their thematic forms and functions, their literary significance, and especially what they reveal about the roles of women and attitudes to patriarchy. 3 Cr.

WMS 433 Psychology of Gender (A,W,Y). Cross-listed as PSH 433. Prerequisites: PSH 110 or PSH 112. Surveys the psychological and social impact of sex differences, sex roles, and the development of gender identity on behavior. Examines historical antecedents of gender differences, development of gender identity, and sex differences in performance, attribution, achievement, cognition, interpersonal behavior, psychopathology, and response to therapy to illustrate facts and fictions in gender research. 3 Cr. 3 Cr.

WMS 435 Legal Rights of the Disadvantaged (A,I,W). Cross-listed as AAS 435, PLS 435. As an issue-oriented course, provides an understanding of how the US system can be used to improve the status of the disadvantaged, such as blacks, Hispanics, women, prisoners, the poor, students, Native Americans, homosexuals, and those with mental and physical disabilities. 3 Cr.

WMS 436 Gender Issues K-12 (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed as EDI 436. Course focuses on the issue of gender in schools K-12. It identifies and examines the ways in which gender roles are reinforced in schools. It studies the ways in which race and class interact with gender to influence the schooling experience. Students learn the ways in which teachers and other educators can promote equitable educational experience for all students. 3 Cr.

WMS 438 Women and Gender in Latin American History (A). Cross-listed as HST 438. As an advanced course, examines the diversity of Latin-American and Caribbean women's experiences from the Iberian conquest to the 20th-century. Analyzes the gender dynamics of colonial, national, dictatorial and revolutionary states, economies and cultures, and the importance of women's movements and feminism. Includes discussion of Latina history in the US and of Latin-American and Caribbean masculinity in historical perspective. 3 Cr.

WMS 442 Topics in Women's Literature (A,W,Y). Prerequisite: ENG 303 or equivalent; Cross-listed as ENG 442. Provides advanced study of women in literature and women's literature, focusing, for example, on some aspect of female lives, such as adolescence; on one or more female authors writing in a shared tradition, genre, or period; or on women writing on a common topic or from perspectives held in common. 3 Cr.

WMS 443 Beauty and Performance: Black Women's Writing (A,W). Cross-listed with AAS 443 and ENG 443. Examines how Eurocentric philosophical theories of aesthetics and beauty became popularized and have affected Black women and women in general. Pursues an understanding of the ways Black women writers have engaged in discourse with these theories and resisted the harm they perpetuate. Covers works of literature by and about Black women, films and documentaries, and other artifacts of popular culture. 3 Cr.

WMS 444 Medieval Women (A). Cross-listed as HST 444. Prerequisite: HST 101 and HST 390. Studies European Middle Ages, ca. 500-1500, particularly as women experienced them. Examines the perceptions medieval society fostered about gender; analyzes factors such as social class, work and professional status, legal structures, and sexuality and compares/contrasts their effect on women’s and men’s lives. 3 Cr. 3 Cr.

WMS 452 American Literature: 19th Century Women's Novel (A,W). Pre-requisiste: ENG 303; Cross-listed as ENG 452. Provides an intensive study of the novel as a form of women's self-representation and cultural criticism. May include novels about family life, anti-slavery and temperance, slave narratives; historical novels; and representations of urban and industrial experience. 3 Cr. Every Semester.

WMS 453 French Female Gaze- Women Writers and Filmmakers (A,W,Y). Through an exploration of texts and films authored by women, introduces students to a range of leading contemporary French-speaking writers and directors. Students examine recurrent themes and forms in recent women’s writing and filmmaking, including the representation of identity; the concept of origins; the intersection of class, race and gender; sexual repression and/or liberation; and the textual and cinematic strategies underpinning these considerations. 3 Cr. 3 Cr.

WMS 457 Women and Film (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed as FLM 457. Focuses on films by women. Considers the following questions: Have women filmmakers depicted the world differently from "dominant" cinema? What possibilities exist for forms of "feminine" film discourse that are truly different from dominant film discourse? What has been the history of women filmmakers? How many of these women have indeed tried to speak a different "language"? 3 Cr.

WMS 458 Women and Education in the Arab World (A,I,W). Cross-listed as FCE 458; Examines the persistent cultural and socioeconomic barriers to women’s education in the Arab World. Investigates how women’s education is influenced by religion, culture, family, teachers and costs, not only in relation to the decision of going to school but also to their education path. Contemporary concerns in education such as equity in schools, in higher education, and in the job market are also addressed. 3 Cr.

WMS 470 Women's Popular Culture (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed as ENL 470. Explores women's popular culture to engender a cultural analysis. Considers questions such as how women's popular culture responds to women's psychosocial needs, and how it functions within the dominant culture. Examines samples of the fiction and films that represent 20th-century women's popular culture. 3 Cr.

WMS 475 Women's Lives (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed as SWO 475. Examines women as clients, helpers, and policy makers in the context of social forces, values, and attitudes. Explores the theoretical, developmental, political, and social implications of women's changing roles. Open to selected upper-division undergraduates. 3 Cr.

WMS 479 Victimology (A,W,Y). Cross-listed as CRJ 479. Develops an understanding of crime victimization, both direct and indirect. Focuses on street crime, social and political oppression, victimization of women, and victims of corporate deviance. Emphasizes theory and policy analysis. 3 Cr.

WMS 481 Women and the Criminal Justice System (A,W,Y). Cross-listed as CRJ 481. Examines women's relationships with crime and the criminal justice system. Specifically provides a study of women and crime, victimization and occupational obstacles and opportunities. Develops students' understanding of how social, political and economic conditions affect these problems. 3 Cr.

WMS 482 Race, Gender and Media (A). Explores how America media influence representations of race and gender. Promotes critical thinking about the social construction of race, gender and class and the role media have in perpetuating and challenging those constructs. Examines how entertainment, advertising and news media have historically influenced and continue to influence how we think about others and ourselves in terms of race and gender. Culminates in a research paper on the representation of an identified group. 3 Cr.

WMS 487 Black Women's Marriage and Sexualities (A,I,W,Y). This course provides students with the opportunity to understand and examine the experiences of African American women in the U.S. through the lens of marriage and sexuality. In addition, students will explore the historical constructions of black female sexualities and their relation to discourses of black families and communities. 3 Cr.

WMS 496 Sex and Censorship in Literature and the Media (A,I,W,Y). Cross-listed as ENL 496. Prerequisite: ENL 112. Considers the expression of sexual themesand censorship of themin contemporary literature, film and media. Includes topics such as the erotic in art, definitions of pornography and obscenity, evolution of censorship standards and practices, the Hollywood Code, the US Commission on Obscenity and Pornography (1970) and its critics, and recent feminist perspectives. 3 Cr.

WMS 499 Independent Study in Women and Gender's Studies (A). Arranged in consultation with the professor and in accordance with the procedures of the Office of Academic Advisement prior to registration. 1-6 Cr.

Graduate Courses

WMS 502 Women's Health (A). Cross-listed as HLS 502. Studies women as healthy functioning human beings. Includes lectures and discussion with guest speakers to present positive information and insights on anatomical, physiological, mental, spiritual and emotional aspects of today's woman. 3 Cr.

WMS 503 Biography and Life History (A). Cross-listed as ANT 503. Studies the expression of life stories, their collection and recording, and their presentation in written format. Includes the evolution of the life history in anthropology and oral history; genres of life history; gender and life stories; the life history as an expression of the self vs. the life history as a window on culture; and the limitations of life history research. 3 Cr.

WMS 509 Feminist Theory (A). Provides an advanced interdisciplinary and multicultural introduction to the main traditions of feminist theory, to the impact of feminist theory on a variety of disciplines, and to feminist theory as applied to various issues in society and culture. Major/Minor requirement. 3 Cr. Every Semester. 3 Cr. Spring.

WMS 510 Contemporary Women Playwrights (A). Cross-listed as THE 510. Examines selected works by 20th-century female playwrights from America, Africa, China and England, (with units on African-American, Chicana, lesbian, and Asian-American writers) in the context of feminist theory as it applies to theatre practices. Includes explorations of the ways in which contemporary female playwrights present gender and gender experiences as staged with multiple cultural contexts. 3 Cr.

WMS 511 Feminist Research Methods (A). This course provides an advanced framework for learning about methods of research from a feminist perspective. The course content explores the research process as a whole with a focus on gathering and interpreting data that gives voice to women and gendered experiences. Readings, written reflections, and a final research project shape the course structure and its learning outcomes. 3 Cr.

WMS 519 Human Sexuality (A). Cross-listed as HLS 519. Provides each student with the opportunity to gain an awareness of him/herself and others as sexual beings. Examines sexual knowledge, attitudes and behaviors throughout the various life stages, in order to integrate human sexuality into one's total health and well-being. 3 Cr.

WMS 521 Women in the English Novel (A). Studies significant authors treated singly or in coherent combinations. Content varies with appropriate subtitles provided for the individual course. May be repeated for credit with significant change in focus. 3 Cr.

WMS 522 Womens Education in the Developing World: Comparative Perspectives (A). This course looks at women's education in the developing world. It raises questions on social mobility, inequality, women's role in the economic and social development of the third world society. Recent research on the topic will be reviewed; case studies will be drawn from Africa, Asia, and Latin America. A comparative analysis approach will be used throughout this course. 3 Cr.

WMS 525 Women and Safety (A). Examines issues of violent crime and personal victimization, especially for women, and the implications for personal crime prevention. Includes an in-depth examination of these violent crimes (e.g.: sexual assault, relationship violence), followed by a focus on individual strategies for maintaining personal safety and reducing crime risks. Considers crime prevention for children and other special populations. 3 Cr.

WMS 527 Women in the Novel (A). Cross-listed as ENL 527. Examines in-depth select novels and, on occasion, novels from other countries, to consider their thematic forms and functions, their literary significance, and especially what they reveal about the roles of women and attitudes to patriarchy. 3 Cr.

WMS 536 Gender Issues K-12 (A). Focuses on the issue of gender in schools K-12. Identifies and examines the ways in which gender roles are reinforced in schools and studies the ways in which race and class interact with gender to influence the schooling experience. Presents ways in which teachers and other educators can promote an equitable educational experience for all students. 3 Cr.

WMS 538 Women and Gender in Latin American History (A). Cross-listed as HST 538. Examines at an advanced level the diversity of Latin-American and Caribbean women's experiences from Iberian conquest to the 20th century. Analyzes the gender dynamics of colonial, national, dictatorial and revolutionary states, economies and cultures, as well as the importance of women's movements and feminism. Discusses Latina history in the US and Latin-American and Caribbean masculinity in historical perspective. 3 Cr.

WMS 542 Topics in Women's Literature (A). Cross-listed as ENG 542. Provides advanced study of women in literature and women's literature, focusing, for example, on some aspect of female lives, such as adolescence; on one or more female authors writing in a shared tradition, genre or period; or on women writing on a common topic or from perspectives held in common. 3 Cr.

WMS 544 Medieval Women (A). Cross- isted as HST 544 Studies thematic history of gender and the roles of women in medieval societies (ca. 500-1500 CE) and the historical study of the European Middle Ages, particularly as women experienced them. Considers the “social construction” of the category of “woman” or “women,” and examines the perceptions medieval society fostered about gender; analyzes how factors such as social class, work and professional status, legal structures, and sexuality created differences among individuals of both genders in medieval society, and compare/contrast how such structures affected both women’s and men’s lives. 3 Cr. 3 Cr.

WMS 551 Women and Work (A). Examines women's work from cross-cultural, historical, and sociological perspectives, with particular emphasis on the analysis of the role assigned to women in late industrial society as housewives. 3 Cr.

WMS 552 Women and Health (A). Analyzes the myths and realities of women, health and illness. Includes a review of the place of women in the health-care system as patients and health-care providers. Concentrates on women/health/illness in the 20th-century US, but uses cross-cultural and historical materials to give an added dimension to the theories and substantive materials of this field. 3 Cr.

WMS 553 French Female Gaze: Women Writers and Filmmakers (A). Through an exploration of texts and films authored by women, introduces students to a range of leading contemporary French-speaking writers and directors. Students examine recurrent themes and forms in recent women’s writing and filmmaking, including the representation of identity; the concept of origins; the intersection of class, race and gender; sexual repression and/or liberation; and the textual and cinematic strategies underpinning these considerations. 3 Cr. 3 Cr.

WMS 557 Women and Film (A). Cross-listed as FLM 557. Focuses on films by women. Considers the following questions: Have women filmmakers depicted the world differently from "dominant" cinema? What possibilities exist for forms of "feminine" film discourse that are truly different from dominant film discourse? What has been the history of women filmmakers? How many of these women have indeed tried to speak a different "language"? 3 Cr.

WMS 558 Women and Education in the Arab World (A). Examines the persistent cultural and socioeconomic barriers to women’s education in the Arab World. Investigates how women’s education is influenced by religion, culture, family, teachers and costs, not only in relation to the decision of going to school but also to their education path. Contemporary concerns in education such as equity in schools, in higher education, and in the job market are also addressed. 3 Cr.

WMS 570 Women's Popular Culture (A). Cross-listed as ENL 570. Explores women's popular culture to engender a cultural analysis. Considers such questions as how women's popular culture responds to women's psychosocial needs and how it functions within the dominant culture. Examines samples of the fiction and films that represent 20th-century American women's popular culture. 3 Cr.

WMS 581 Women and the Criminal Justice System (A). Examines women's relationship with crime and the criminal justice system. Specifically provides a study of women and crime, victimization and occupational obstacles and opportunities. Develops students' understanding of how social, political and economic conditions affect these problems. 3 Cr.

WMS 595 Women, Gender and Class - 1920-1940 (A). Cross-listed as HST 595. Examines and analyzes US women's experiences in terms of gender, class and work. Introduces theories of women's and gender history and of gender and class analysis. Entails a seminar format and expects committed student participation. 3 Cr.

WMS 596 Sex and Censorship (A,I). Cross-listed as ENL 596. Considers the expression of sexual themes-and censorship of them-in contemporary literature, film and media. Includes topics such as the erotic in art, definitions of pornography and obscenity, evolution of censorship standards and practices, the Hollywood Code, the US Commission on Obscenity and Pornography (1970) and its critics, and recent feminist perspectives. 3 Cr.

WMS 599 Independent Study in Women's Studies (A). Designed individually through consultation between the student and instructor to suit the student's needs and interests and the special competence of the instructor. Additional requirements may be established by the department. 3 Cr.

WMS 699 Independent Study in Women's Studies (A). Designed individually through consultation between student and instructor to suit the student's needs and interests and the special competence of the instructor. Additional requirements may be imposed by the department. 3 Cr.

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